Vaping Cannabis is Confusing. 4 Things to Know

Vaping Cannabis is Confusing. 4 Things to Know

Are You Confused about Vaping Cannabis?

Vaping cannabis has been all over the news over the last several months. Between vaping extracts, concentrates, and whole flower the terms can be confusing. Dispensaries typically list a long menu of “extracts” and “concentrates”. Many of these products need to be vaped. Did you know whole flower can be vaped as well? The most ubiquitous kind of vaping uses a vape pen with cartridges that contain an oil that’s been extracted from the plant. Other products don’t come in a handy dandy cartridge form. They are variously called butters, rosins, shatter, sugar, sauce, resin, live resin, rosin, etc. The list continues. If you don’t know what all of these are, it’s OK. (I don’t either!) These are concentrates.

If the vaping ‘crisis’ makes things even more complicated because we now have to add the question ‘what is safe?’ then it might be enough to just want to say “to hell with vaping” I’ll smoke flower. OK, that’s fine, but there are some things that you can vape safely and effectively. Here are four things you need to know before you decide to vape or you should know if you are vaping cannabis.

1. WTF is Vaping Anyway?

Vaping is the application of heat, but not flame, to an extract, concentrate or flower. Each form of cannabis is different, but the main event in vaping is heating, not burning. Vaping bud is a bit different. It’s as if you were to heat cannabis flower in an ‘oven’ to somewhere below the point where it burns. The natural components of the flower will vaporize and made available for you to inhale, getting their benefit. All the natural terpenes and THC vaporize in the flower below the burning point.

2. Concentrates vs. Extracts

Concentrates and extracts are not created equally. To make it even more confusing, the terms are often used interchangeably.

Cannabis Concentrates

Concentrates are exactly what they sound like; The concentrated “essence” of the cannabis plant. In this case, we’re talking about hashish, butters, rosins, resins, etc. They use the natural THCs, CBDs and terpenes contained in the trichomes. Trichomes are mostly in the flowers and leaves and are a natural part of the plant. Some concentrates are made by hand…literally. These are traditional methods and are used to make hash. Some concentrates are made with cold water and ice or from freeze-dried flower. Concentrates that are not made by hand are made with water, but can also be made with butane, alcohol or CO2. If the solvent chemicals are completely removed, these are generally safe, but water wash or handmade is still the safest. Do not mistake them for extracts that are made with chemicals. Generally, because concentrates are made naturally using hand labor or water, they’re safe to consume.

Concentrates made with chemicals are more problematic but are generally safe. There is one major problem with chemically concentrated cannabis. All the forms use heat. Heat vaporizes many of the products in the plant. If we’re consuming, we want the vaporization to occur while we’re vaporizing the product ourselves. If there are parts of the plant lost when the concentration is done, so they have to be put back in. How? That’s a bigger question.


Extracts are different. Extracts are made from whole plants that are chemically stripped of all of their THC, terpenes and everything else in the plant. Since most extracts use heat to ‘extract’ the elements of the plant, a lot is lost. Extracts are like the oil you find in vape pen cartridges. They are made from the whole plant. If they taste at all like cannabis you’re used to it’s because the producer has added terpenes or other compounds to give it a familiar taste,

Frequently the additions are synthetic, but sometimes they’re advertised as ‘cannabis-derived’. It’s still not what was in the original plant. I don’t vape oil. Making extracts is very efficient. If you have the right equipment, the whole plant can be cut and in as little as 10-15 minutes later, it’s oil! A machine chops the whole plant into tiny pieces that are put in the “extractarator” (my word) and Voila! Magically the plant becomes extract.

Health Issues

All the health problems with vaping you’re been reading about are from extracts, not concentrates. This is important and it’s worth repeating: ALL THE HEALTH PROBLEMS WITH VAPING CANNABIS HAVE BEEN BECAUSE OF EXTRACTS. Concentrates are not the problem, extracts are the problem. Many extractors have been using oils, specifically vitamin E acetate, to make the oil more viscous or an appropriate texture for cartridges. Vitamin E acetate has been implicated in the recent lung illnesses and deaths.

Extracts are the diet soda of cannabis. Made to get you high, but not made for true enjoyment.

3. The Problems with Extracts

There is a major problem with the end product of extracts. Heat. Heat destroys about everything in the plant except for THC and similar compounds. But what makes cannabis cannabis isn’t just the THC. It’s all the THCs, the CBDs, CBGs, terpenes, and all the other 100s of other compounds in the plant. All you’re left with after applying mild heat are THC compounds.

In addition, you just don’t know what’s in that oil you’re vaping. The process is opaque. It’s a mystery surrounded by an enigma. There are many ways to make oil, or to make oil ‘oilier’, or to make it taste better, or whatever the producer thinks will make you buy his or her product. There is almost no transparency in vape cartridge oil production. That’s not a good thing. It’s not good because you don’t know what you’re inhaling. In the long term, it’s not good for business.

4. The Difference Between Flower vs. Concentrate

A cannabis flower has everything in it. There might be 100+ types of THC and who knows how many different terpenes (more are being discovered daily it seems), isomers of terpenes, isolates, and who knows how many other compounds contributing to the complete effect. We still don’t know enough.

Concentrates have the contents of natural flower if done correctly. This can mean rubbing through a screen to get the trichomes, freeze-drying and/or water extraction, or ice water extraction. There are several traditional ways of concentrating. These methods go back hundreds, if not thousands of years. That Labonese blond(e) hash you might love was made with a process that goes back at least to the 1500s. That tarry Nepalese black hash is also an ancient process. Wherever cannabis was found, there was a process to concentrate its goodness.

Newer processes use water technology to concentrate the flower. All these processes use ice water to concentrate the trichomes in a way that they can be extracted whole, then sifted out of the mash to create a concentrate that is essentially pure and whole. Nothing has been destroyed by heat. No chemicals other than H20 have been added to the flower. No terpenes. Nothing else other than flower. It’s a pure process and difficult to master, but the results can be incredible. There are a few companies in Colorado that are only using water extraction to create their products.

The Bottom Line about Vaping Cannabis

If you want to vape cannabis, it’s probably safe. It’s actually a good way to create an effect. Whole flower is wonderful when vaped with a good product. Concentrates are also wonderful when vaped. Different water extracted concentrates like water wash hash or hashish can be terrific. Personally, I do not consume the oils that come in cartridges mostly because I don’t know what’s in them. I also will only consume water washed concentrates. The other concentrates are made using methyl alcohol or butane or other solvents that supposedly are removed at the end of the process. But are they all removed? I don’t know. And neither do you. Vape away, but be aware of the caveats. Be happy.

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body was posted on Cannabis Culture.

[Canniseur: CBD is all the rage. Here’s a short primer on the ways CBD can help your health.]

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the 200 different substances (cannabinoids) that can be extracted from the cannabis plant – the other most common being THC.

THC is the cannabinoid that’s responsible for making people feel “high.” CBD, on the other hand, offers the benefits of marijuana without the stoned feeling. 

All mammals have an endocannabinoid system, which has receptors on nearly all the cells in the body – which allows the CBD oil to work all throughout the body to help with a number of ailments and issues.

That said, much of the research available to support CBD is limited to animal studies and small-scale human studies. This is large because of the legislation that lumped marijuana and hemp together as illegal plants in 1970. Hemp was separated from marijuana permanently in 2018 legislation, making it much easier to study now, but from what is available, CBD oil shows great promise.

1. Calms Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s natural response when there is harm. It can be acute, as a result of illness, infection, or injury. Oftentimes, however, it is chronic – when there is a prolonged inflammatory response in the body. When it continues it can lead to oxidative stress – or an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants. Inflammation and oxidative stress are associated with a wide range of illnesses and diseases.

A 2015 review in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry found that CBD reduces inflammation in multiple pathways of the body, and as such could be an effective potential for a variety of conditions that are characterized by inflammation.

2. Helps Regulate Mood

Animal studies published in the British Journal of Pharmacology and Public Library of Science (PLOS) One show that CBD has anti-depressant like effects. This is likely due to the fact that CBD can act on the brain’s receptors for serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates social behavior and mood.

3. Improves Pain Response

Many people who use the best CBD products on a regular basis say they do so to treat or at least mitigate pain. CBD works to relieve pain by binding to and desensitizing receptors that are known to mediate pain and sensory perception, body temperature, and inflammation.

A 2017 study published in Pain examined the effects of CBD in male rats with osteoarthritis. After two weeks, acute inflammation of the joints was reduced by local CBD treatment applied to the area. The administration of CBD was also found to prevent the development of nerve damage and joint pain.

4. Calms the Mind and Relaxes the Body

If you have an anxiety disorder, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, or NIDA, says CBD has been shown to reduce stress in animals. Physiological symptoms of anxiety improved, as well as behavioral signs of anxiety.

5. Protects the Brain

Researchers believe that CBD’s ability to act on the endocannabinoid system and other brain signaling systems may benefit people with neurological disorders. Though the research is still new, studies have shown promise. Animal and test-tube studies have shown that CBD may decrease inflammation and help prevent neurodegeneration that’s common with Alzheimer’s disease.

6. Helps Treat a Number of Mental Health Conditions

In addition to its anxiety relief and anti-depressant like effects, some studies show that CBD may help people with schizophrenia and other mental disorders. How? It’s thought to reduce psychotic symptoms, per a 2015 review in Schizophrenia Research.

7. Helps Relieve Cancer-Related Symptoms

Cancer treatment often causes nausea, vomiting, and pain. In a 2010 study published in the Journal of Pain Symptom Management, people who received both CBD and THC extract saw more pain relief than those who only received THC. 

A 2006 study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology found that CBD may help reduce chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. 

A 2010 small-scale study in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology showed that a one-to-one combination CBD and THC administered via a mouth spray reduced chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting better than the standard treatment alone.

8. Could Help Heart Health

Several studies have linked CBD to multiple benefits for the heart and circulatory system, such as the ability to lower blood pressure. High blood pressure is linked to several health conditions including metabolic syndrome, stroke, and heart attack. 

At this point, it’s thought that the stress and anxiety-reducing properties of CBD may be the reason it helps lower blood pressure. 

Multiple animal studies have shown that CBD can help reduce the installation and cell death that’s associated with heart disease because of its powerful antioxidant and stress-reducing properties. One study, in particular, found that CBD treatment reduced oxidative stress and prevented heart damage in diabetic mice with heart disease.

9. May Prevent Diabetes

In animal studies, diabetic mice were treated with CBD. This reduced the incidence of 56% and significantly reduced inflammation. More studies are needed with humans to see if the benefit transfers.

10. May Help Substance Abuse Recovery Efforts

In animal studies, CBD has been shown to modify the circuitry in the brain related to drug addiction. It has been shown in rats to not only reduce morphine dependence but also heroin-seeking behavior.

11. Helps Treat Epilepsy

Studies have shown that CBD oil can help reduce seizure activities in children with Dravet syndrome, as well as adults with severe epilepsy. But, both studies saw that people experienced side effects including fatigue, fever, and convulsions.

12. Addresses Muscle Spasticity

Multiple Sclerosis often causes stiff muscles and muscle spasms, which are often treated with muscle relaxant medications such as Baclofen and tizanidine. Muscle spasticity is also common in cerebral palsy, and other conditions where there are brain or spinal cord injuries. Studies show using cannabinoids can help ease the spasms and pain associated with them.

Generally speaking, CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe, but it may cause side effects in some people, such as diarrhea, changes in weight and appetite, and fatigue. It’s worth mentioning that it can interact with several medications, altering how much of it is in your system. That’s why it’s important to talk with your doctor before you start using it to treat any medical condition.

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body was posted on Cannabis Culture.

Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Original Post: Merry Jane: Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

[Canniseur: Here’s another reason I don’t like to vape anything other than whole flower. Imagine; Vitamin E oil in legal cartridges. How and why did it get there? Does anyone know what is actually in those cartridges? I don’t. I don’t know what’s in that oil or who made them either. Not knowing is detrimental to the experience. Knowledge is power.]

Michigan cannabis regulators have recalled over 9,000 vaping products that tested positive for vitamin E acetate, a vape oil cutting agent that health authorities believe is responsible for the recent outbreak of vaping-related lung injuries.

On Wednesday, the state Marijuana Regulatory Agency (MRA) recalled several different flavors of Savage brand vaping concentrate sold by Plan B Wellness, a licensed dispensary in Detroit. The state pulled 8,020 prepackaged vape carts off the store’s shelves and inventories, but the recall also includes 1,360 vape carts that had already been sold to customers, MLive reported. Each of these products was found to contain vitamin E acetate.

“Patients or caregivers who have these affected medical marijuana products in their possession should return them to Plan B Wellness for proper disposal,” the MRA stated in a press release. “Plan B Wellness must notify patients or caregivers that purchased these medical marijuana products of the recall.”

The list of contaminated products include Savage Stick vape carts sold in October and November, and carts of Blackberry Kush, GG#4, and Runtz that were sold on January 16. Customers who find themselves suffering from lung problems after using these products are advised to seek immediate medical attention and to notify the MRA by email or phone.

Back in November, the MRA halted the sale of every single vaping product on the market in order to test these products for vitamin E additives. Many products passed the tests and were returned to the market, but on December 17, the state recalled nearly 65,000 vape carts for failing these tests. Several Savage brand products were included among this recall as well.

These contaminated products were able to make their way onto the market thanks to Michigan’s rush to launch early sales of adult-use weed. In August, the MRA began allowing newly-licensed dispensaries to transfer existing, untested weed products into the state’s cannabis sales system. These untested products were made legal for sale, so long as customers signed waivers acknowledging that they understood the risks of using untested products.

However, these sales began before the news of vaping-related lung illness (EVALI or VAPI) began to spread, so customers were unaware that the risks of vaping untested products could be life-threatening. The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have now linked 2,668 cases of EVALI and 60 deaths to vaping products, although the number of new cases is now on the decline. In a recent report, the CDC reported that 82 percent of these cases involved the use of THC vapes.

The CDC suspects that vitamin E acetate may be one of the main factors responsible for this illness. The cutting agent is sometimes used to thicken lower-quality vaping oils, in order to pass them off as higher-quality products. At first, authorities believed that only black market vapes included this additive, but Michigan regulators are now finding that many legal products have vitamin E acetate in them, too.

A Colorado testing lab suggested that vitamin E acetate can actually occur naturally within cannabis products, at levels that may not present a risk to users, which could explain the results of Michigan’s testing. It is currently unknown whether the producers of the recalled carts intentionally added vitamin E acetate or not.

Original Post: Merry Jane: Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

[Canniseur: Cannabis infused beverages? Unless the makers of infused beverages can figure out how to make them taste decent, there won’t be much of a market… there’s no telling about taste! 🙂 Seriously, there are tons of problems to overcome with the taste of cannabis in beverages. I do wish them all the luck in the world on this venture.]

According to analysts, the space is forecasted to be worth over $5 billion globally by 2026. Positioned with one of the top bottling facilities in California and a gorgeous lineup of products is The Tinley Beverage Company(TNYBF:OTC) (TNY:CSE).

Tinley is the only pure-play, publicly-traded cannabis beverage company, unaffected by fluctuations in cultivation, making it the most efficient way to invest in the cannabis beverage trend.

Tinley’s products have achieved the holy grail of non-alcoholic beverages inspired by the world’s most popular liquors and cocktails, all with a rapid-onset and a genuine full-flower sativa effect.  Low sugar, vegan, gluten free and kosher to boot.

To ensure that the “new” cannabis user sees these products, as well as generate mass retail revenue, the company is offering non-infused versions of its products in 150 BevMo liquor stores for “sober January”.  It also just announced trials with one of the country’s largest supermarket chains as well as with one of the largest warehouse-style store chains.  Adult-style, non-alcoholic beverages are one of the fastest-growing sectors within the overall beverage industry, with projections for the category growing at up to 39% annually for the next several years.

The third pillar of the company is its co-packing and overall infrastructure services for third-party beverage companies.  The Company is run by ex-Cott executives (Cott is a multi-billion beverage co-packer), so no doubt they’re working to create the same success in cannabis.  During the internet boom, it was the “picks and shovels” that wound up enduring best, so Tinley offers investors this opportunity as well.

Finally, the company has signed a deal to offer its products in the world’s second-largest cannabis market (after California), which is Canada.  With no less than Great North Distributors, which is the same exclusive sales force and distributor as Aphria (largest Canadian cannabis company by revenue) and Pasha Brands (craft cannabis company and investee of Aphria).

Two-time NBA all star and Vitaminwater® early investor Baron Davis recently joined the company’s advisory role.  He intends to help drive brand-awareness, product development and the introduction of celebrity co-packing clients.

CFN Media sat down with Tinley Founder and CEO, Jeff Maser, and President of Western Business, Rick Gillis, at the MJ Micro Conference in Beverly Hills where they discussed the company’s history, their commitment to community, and how Tinley’s business model will take them straight to the top of the game.

CFN:  Tell us about Tinley? How was the company was conceived?

Jeff Maser:  I was at an after-work party, holding a cocktail, and said to myself, “Wouldn’t it be great if this could be a cannabis experience rather than an alcohol experience?  Healthier and a nicer experience, with no-hanger.

It was really that simple – the spark for Tinley.

That’s why our products are all modelled on popular cocktails and liquors including margarita, Moscow Mule, coconut rum, cinnamon whisky and Italian amaretto.

All are made by national-brand liquor formulators, and therefore use the same botanicals and flavors that are found in those products in bars.  They also replicate the dose – so a light high if you drink a bottle of the cocktail-style products, and the same light dose if you drink just a shot of the liquor-style products.  If you want a stronger effect, you can drink more, just like with alcohol.

CFN:  How does your background give you an edge?

JM:  I started my career at Cott, which at the time was the third largest beverage company in the world.  It’s a wildly successful co-packer, largely due to a unique strategy of creating new clients by getting known consumer brands into the beverage business.  They got Virgin to create Virgin Cola, Safeway to create Safeway Select Cola, as two prominent examples.

I felt the opportunity in cannabis was clear – create the “Cott of cannabis”.  It was a massive success in mainstream beverage, so the same would no doubt be possible in the cannabis beverage industry.  I recruited former Cott executives – one of the leading ones helped with the seed round – and began building the foundations of the same business model.

As an entrepreneur, I’ve always felt its important to surround the company with highly experienced executives in adjacent categories.  So in addition to bringing in the Cott folks, we also brought in who is perhaps the biggest resume in cannabis in a full-time role: Rick Gillis.  Rick was previously General Manager of Coca Cola Enterprises in the Southwest USA, a $2 billion business line.  Subsequent to that he was president of Young’s Market Company, the second-largest alcohol distributor in the Western USA, with thousands of employees and $3 billion in revenue.  So he knows beverage.

Rick Gillis:  I’ve spent my entire career bringing products to market and pondering how to catch the attention of the consumer the second they walk into any retail store. It has everything to do with one’s ability to execute seamlessly and be the trusted advisor for the customer. If you think about cannabis, we’re in the early stages of exploiting the cannabis-infused beverages category, which is new in itself.

So you could think about business in California, one that is rapidly approaching $4 billion in revenue, with a bottleneck of only about 600 physical points of availability to get to the consumer. So our efforts are now focused on exploiting our ability to have our products come to life in said points and that has everything to do with our logistics capability.

Not only are we a contract manufacturer (we make high quality, low cost products for third-party beverage companies), we’re the entry point for many to come into cannabis, and we want to be responsible for helping build what is now about a percent of the industry to something that is predicted to be somewhere close to 30% within the next few years (suggesting a $1.5 billion category in California alone). 

CFN:  You recently signed a major distribution deal with BevMo to bring non-infused products to mainstream shelves. Tell us about that?

JM:  When we do marketing events, we give out non-medicated versions of all of our drinks.  At almost every event consumers ask if they can buy the products without cannabis as well, for times when they just want to stay completely sober.  Turns out this is a massive trend, with bars, restaurants and liquor stores across the country – and especially in California – aggressively expanding their lineup of adult-style beverages for people who don’t want alcohol.  It’s often referred to as the “sober curious” movement.  We caught the attention of BevMo, the most prominent liquor chains on the West coast, which is positioning itself as a leader in this rapidly-growing category.  We struck a deal for 150 stores, and this gives our cannabis brand huge mainstream visibility as well as a mass retail source of revenue.

CFN:  How does the deal with Great North increase market penetration in Canada?

JM:  Great North is an affiliate company of Southern Glazer’s Wine and Spirits. Southern Glazer’s is the largest wine and spirits distributor in North America. Its Canadian division has an affiliate company called Great North that does cannabis distribution in Canada, because cannabis wholesaling is run by the government liquor boards. They’re also the exclusive distributor for Aphria, which is one of the largest licensed producers in Canada.

CFN:  What does the addition of former NBA player Baron Davis to your advisory board mean for your marketing and distribution strategies?

JM:  Baron was one of the early investors in Vitaminwater®, and more importantly he took an active role in helping drive its brand awareness.  He’s been in a Pepsi ad campaign as well.  It’s not a spokesperson deal (although he’s speaking about us on Fox Sports radio today at 6pm Pacific), it’s him actually joining the company as an advisor to help drive product development, bring in co-packing brands, and help with marketing.

CFN:  Your products seem to be socially-conscious, in addition to tasting good.  How so?

RG:  The ethos of our company is to care about people’s health and, as a former medical collective, to continue to support the longstanding cannabis community in California.  Our products are vegan, gluten-free, Kosher and have a fraction of the sugar of their alcoholic-counterparts as well as many classic cannabis drinks.

Also, given our products are fast-acting, consumers are able to have more control over their dosing levels, because they can adjust their drinking pace and quantity in near real-time.  This differs from classic edibles where consumers don’t feel the effect for about an hour, thereby often not knowing when to stop eating or drinking until it’s too late.

We’re also proud to source all our cannabis from smaller growers in the Emerald Triangle.  It’s not only seen as the best, but we’ve had to endure the challenges in transforming from a small medical collective in 2016 to the various new legal licensing regulations that have been implemented since then.  Therefore, we feel a certain kinship with other companies that have had to do the same during this period, and want to support wherever possible.

CFN:  What else should our readers know about Tinley?

JM:  At present, we have the distinction of being the only publicly-traded, pure-play cannabis beverage company in the US.  There’s a lot of great companies out there that have beverages in market, however most aren’t public, and we offer a way to access this fast-growing company not only in the public markets, but in a way that’s not involved in other cannabis categories, and is diversified with branded and infrastructure products and services.So anyone who believes the cannabis beverage category will grow gets an efficient, diversified, pure play vehicle – managed by ex-President and C-level beverage execs – that trades publicly.  At a moment when we’re at an inflection point.  Our products just launched this Spring, and are really catching on well with consumers.  It can take more than 90 days to get paid, and we only recognize revenue when we’re paid (as opposed to when we sell or ship the product).  So a lot of the inventory showing on our books has in fact been sold, both by us as well as in many cases by the store to the consumer.  It therefore takes a bit of reading between the lines between our inventory size, including raw goods destined for production after the quarter for replenishment, to see how rapidly our products are being adopted, especially for a new product in a new category.  These numbers will become easier as we grow and are able to shorten our selling terms.

CFN: Why now?

We’re at an infection point in customer adoption, co-packing deals, territorial expansion, and channel expansion to mass retail.  We’ve therefore begun to prove ourselves in these areas, and more and more of these developments will be announced as we sign them in the weeks and quarters to come.

The post Is 2020 going to be the year of the infused beverage category? appeared first on CannabisFN.

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

What Are The Benefits of CBD Oil?

What Are The Benefits of CBD Oil?

[Canniseur: This is a good story (even if sponsored) about what you can expect from taking CBD oil. CBD is considered to be the snake-oil of the early 2000s. But it’s not just that. Snake-oil doesn’t really have any effect, but CBD does have effects on the brain. Not psychotropic effects, but an effect nonetheless. It might not be a bad thing to investigate for your own use.]

What Are The Benefits of CBD Oil?

Natural cures for virtually every condition that ails us seem to be everywhere and you’re not alone if you find yourself asking, “What are the benefits of CBD oil?” Herbal supplements, nutrient rich powders, and other products such as CBD oil are all promoted as natural treatments in today’s marketplace.

CBD oil has gained recognition in recent years as a natural and adverse reaction free way to treat everything from seizure disorders to sleep disturbances, and virtually everything in between. What is CBD oil, what is the endocannabinoid system, and what benefits does CBD oil use offer? We will discuss these topics in further detail below.

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol, or CBD oil, is a natural product derived from the cannabis plant. It doesn’t contain THC, which is the component that causes users to get high. CBD oil is not psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t influence the users state of mind. Most medicinally used CBD oil is sourced from the hemp plant, a variety of the cannabis plant.

There is much controversy surrounding the use of CBD oil because of the frequent recreational use of cannabis for the purpose of getting high, and because of the falsehood that CBD oil has the same mind altering effects. However, amid all the controversy, there is emerging evidence that CBD oil benefits many people in a natural and safe way.

The Endocannabinoid System in the Human Body

The endocannabinoid system is essentially a unique communications system between the brain and the rest of the body. It strongly influences how a person receives information, and therefore can alter how they think, feel, move, and react to stimuli.

Neurotransmitters Versus Cannabinoids

Brain cells communicate with each other via neurotransmitters, which are chemicals released by neurons. These chemical compounds are released from neurons, travel across a gap called a synapse, and then attach themselves to a nearby neuron, causing the receiving neuron to act in a certain way. This method of communication is vital because it controls or directly influences literally everything we feel, think, or do on a daily basis.

The endocannabinoid system is unique because it functions backward to the way neurons and neurotransmitters work. When a postsynaptic neuron is activated, cannibinoids are manufactured within the neuron from various fats present there. They are then released from the neuron and go back to the presynaptic neuron, and there they attach to a cannabinoid receptor. This in essence means that they can exert much control over what happens next, strongly influencing the amount of neurostransmitter released from the neuron, and thereby affecting how incoming information is processed.


Cannabis based medications, such as CBD oil, are so effective for a variety of issues due to the existence of this endocannabinoid system. Since our bodies produce their own cannabinoids, these substances taken in medication form are recognized as being naturally present within us and are not perceived as a foreign substance. This prevents the numerous and often dangerous side effects commonly seen with pharmaceutical drugs.

CBD Oil Health Benefits

According to, the emergence of CBD oil is a relatively new advancement in the natural treatment of health concerns, and as such we are still learning about all the benefits it offers. Here are six of the most common health benefits associated with medicinal CBD oil use.

CBD Oil for Relief from Anxiety

Serotonin is a chemical released by the brain that strongly influences mood. By altering the way our brain interprets and responds to this chemical, CBD oil can help those who suffer from being overly anxious. Early studies done on the calming effects of CBD oil show promising results in its ability to calm nerves, reduce stress, reduce the symptoms of PTSD, and even induce restful sleep in those suffering from insomnia.

CBD Oil for Relief from Seizures

Recent studies have shown that CBD oil can drastically reduce the number of seizures experienced by those suffering from epilepsy. A serious case of epilepsy can sometimes produce hundreds of seizures a day, having debilitating consequences for the patient. According to an article from, some preliminary studies on the effectiveness of CBD oil at preventing seizures show that patients can reduce the amount of seizures they experience by as much as 36% within a few weeks to a few months of daily use. This reduction can have huge ramifications in terms of the quality of life for these individuals.

CBD Oil for Protection from Common Diseases of the Brain

Prolonged inflammation within the brain is thought to be a huge contributing factor to the development of common brain diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, strokes, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer disease. These are not only fatal diseases, but also result in much suffering for patients as they experience a progression of the disease.

Due to its strong anti inflammatory and other protective effects, CBD oil can help provide a protection against the development of these debilitating diseases, although more in depth research is needed to fully understand how this happens. CBD oil can also help reduce the severity of symptoms of these diseases once they’ve been diagnosed, prolonging a higher quality of life for a longer period of time.

CBD Oil for Relief From Chronic Pain

Pain can be caused by a variety of medical conditions, injuries, and illnesses. In some cases, chronic pain can become debilitating and interfere strongly with day to day functioning. The effects that CBD oil has on brain receptors can help manage chronic pain, namely by interfering with pain signals and the way they are perceived by the body.

CBD oil has been shown to reduce the pain experienced from a variety of conditions including arthritis, spinal injuries, multiple sclerosis, and even more advanced stages of cancer.

CBD Oil for Natural Cancer Treatment

As controversial as this topic may be, some patients want to utilize natural methods of treating cancer, even if they choose to use these natural methods in conjunction with traditional surgeries, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments. Studies are beginning to emerge that show CBD oil has a powerful effect at stopping cancer cells from reproducing, thus halting its spread. More research is needed in this area, but results of existing studies are promising at showing CBD oil to be an effective additional method of treatment for various cancers.

CBD Oil for Treatment of Skin Conditions

Chronic skin conditions such as cystic acne, eczema, and psoriasis affect millions of people each year. These conditions are not only embarrassing for those suffering from them because of the unsightly appearance of the skin, but can also result in a great deal of discomfort. The strong anti-inflammatory properties of CBD oil can offer much needed relief from these skin conditions by reducing the swelling they create. CBD oil also helps control the amount of natural oil produced by the skin, resulting in less acne breakouts.

While prescription drugs tend to be the most commonly sought solution to a variety of health issues plaguing us today, more and more people are leaning towards seeking natural methods of regaining their health. Perhaps in the near future, the use of CBD oil for the treatment of everyday complaints and health issues will become as common as its pharmaceutical counterparts. Until then, research continues to find exciting links between CBD oil usage and improved health and well-being, especially as more people are asking the question, “what are the benefits of CBD oil?”

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What Are The Benefits of CBD Oil? was posted on the cannifornian com.

Vireo Health Launches 1937 Cannabis Brand

Vireo Health Launches 1937 Cannabis Brand

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Vireo Health Launches 1937 Cannabis Brand

[Canniseur: Interesting name. 1937 was the year that cannabis was first banned in the U.S. The company advertises that they are featuring historic cannabis strains. Um, no they’re not. Bubba Kush and Sweet Cheese are not the landrace (original) strains that they are purported to be. The story goes on to state that they use a long curing process, etc. I’d sure like to see this cannabis. If companies continue this kind of undocumented hype, they’ll hurt many other companies trying to grow special products.]

1937 Cannabis features historic cannabis strains and will be available in both dry flower and concentrates

MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 17, 2019 /PRNewswire/ — Vireo Health International, Inc. (“Vireo” or the “Company”) (CNSX: VREO; OTCQX: VREOF), a leading physician-founded, science-focused multi-state cannabis company, today announced the launch of 1937 Cannabis, a new brand of professional grade cannabis-based products. 1937 Cannabis represents the Company’s first launch of a new cannabis brand and first time offering dry flower. The 1937 Cannabis product line features dry flower and will expand to include concentrates later this year.

1937 Cannabis ( is now available in dispensaries throughout Pennsylvania and Maryland and features legendary strains such as ‘Bubba Kush’ and ‘Sweet Cheese’ that are handpicked and hand-packaged to assure only the best flower is utilized. The flower is cured for extended time periods to create a smoother taste, enhanced terpene profile, and deeper aromatics. 1937 Cannabis is 100% pesticide free and sold in premium, airtight glass jars.

“We are excited to announce the launch of 1937, a new line of premium-quality cannabis products,” said CEO and Founder Kyle Kingsley, MD. “By expanding our product lines to include dry flower, we are increasing access and affordability, while providing our customers – both cannabis connoisseurs and medical patients alike – with new choices and opportunities to discover which products best meet their individual needs.”

“Vireo is developing a strong portfolio of brands that engage and delight both recreation and medical consumers,” added Harris Rabin Chief Marketing Officer of Vireo Health. “1937 is our second major brand, but we are creating and launching a variety of exciting, new brands for every occasion our customers have to enjoy cannabis products.”

The brand name, 1937, is a reference to The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, federal legislation designed to prohibit cannabis use. As Americans across the country work to end cannabis prohibition, the 1937 brand proudly stands for social justice and equality for all.

The Company plans to expand the 1937 Cannabis product line in Pennsylvania and Maryland and to make it available in other state-based markets in which Vireo is licensed to operate.

Learn more at: or follow the brand on Instagram

About Vireo Health International, Inc.
Vireo Health International, Inc.’s mission is to build the cannabis company of the future by bringing the best of medicine, engineering and science to the cannabis industry. Vireo’s physician-led team of nearly 400 employees provides best-in-class cannabis products and customer experience. Vireo cultivates cannabis in environmentally friendly greenhouses, manufactures pharmaceutical-grade cannabis extracts, and sells its products at both company-owned and third-party dispensaries. The Company currently is licensed in eleven markets including Arizona, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, and Rhode Island. For more information about the Company, please visit

Contact Information

Media Inquiries
Albe Zakes
Vice President, Corporate Communications
(267) 221-4800

Investor Inquiries
Sam Gibbons
Vice President, Investor Relations
(612) 314-8995



The post Vireo Health Launches 1937 Cannabis Brand appeared first on CannabisFN.

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Vireo Health Launches 1937 Cannabis Brand

Inventors File Patent Application For Scratch-And-Sniff Marijuana Packages

Inventors File Patent Application For Scratch-And-Sniff Marijuana Packages

Original Post: Marijuana Moment: Inventors File Patent Application For Scratch-And-Sniff Marijuana Packages

[Canniseur: Oh boy! Just what we need. Scratch and sniff cannabis packaging. Somehow, this is not a great idea. I don’t believe it’s possible to accurately reproduce the aroma of a good strain of cannabis. The aromas are a complex blend of terpenes, THCs, and other compounds that all contribute to the aroma of a particular strain of cannabis. It’s been tried with wine and it does not work. Why would cannabis be any different?]

Scratch-and-sniff marijuana packaging could be coming to a dispensary near you.

An application for a patent on the cannabis container concept was published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on Thursday. In order to comply with state regulations while at the same time ensuring consumers know what they’re buying, the inventors are pitching a secure package that uses non-THC volatiles to produce the scent of the product when a sticker on the exterior is scratched.

The applicants recognized in their filing that there’s an existing patent application for scratch-and-sniff stickers that are meant to identify the flavor of coffee, but argued their idea is distinct because the other application produced the scent of coffee after it’s brewed whereas this sticker would smell like cannabis in its unsmoked form.

“A major hurdle to the purchase of Cannabis is the secure packaging laws of various states,” the application states. “Packaging can often prevent a purchaser from observing certain characteristics of the Cannabis, such as its scent.”

In a summary of the proposal, the applicants said the “general purpose of the present invention is to provide a Cannabis package and method of selection that includes all the advantages of the secure packaging, and overcomes the drawbacks inherent therein.”

Random Vaughn and Jonathan Tanzer via USPTO.

Another advantage of the proposed packaging is to help patients identify medicinal properties of different marijuana varieties, or assess quality, without having to open the product, the applicants, Random Vaughn and Jonathan Tanzer of Olympia, Washington, argued. They said that scent is is important in “selecting Cannabis for medical reasons such as seizures, headaches, or insomnia.”

The application lists two iterations of the concept. The main one would involve a sticker that would be infused with the scent of cannabis. Terpenes, which are non-intoxicating compounds in the plant that give cannabis its smell and taste, would be used to produce the scent.

For the other, the scent wouldn’t correspond with the actual small of the marijuana itself, but instead various flavor notes, which are sometimes used in cannabis marketing to describe the product’s qualities similar to what’s often done with wine. The applicants listed a diverse list of potential smells, including freshly cut grass, bread, vanilla, bacon, fish and chips, a Christmas tree, cinnamon, after shave, shampoo, the seaside, furniture polish and a Sunday roast.

Inventors File Patent Application For Scratch-And-Sniff Marijuana Packages was posted on Marijuana Moment.

WTF Is a Steamroller Pipe and How Do You Use One?

WTF Is a Steamroller Pipe and How Do You Use One?

Original Post: Merry Jane: WTF Is a Steamroller Pipe and How Do You Use One?

[Canniseur: These pipes are over the top. Not in a bad way, but they’re the biggest pipes I’ve ever seen. Sort of like a bong without water…and sideways. These are crazy and fun.]

Meet the simple pipe with substantial results.

Wait, so not all pipes are the same?

We hate to break it to you, but even within the category of pipes, there is still a world of variation and competing opinions on which design is best. Some enjoy going “full Gandalf” with long wooden pipes, while others prefer the water filtration provided by bubblers. By contrast, the steamroller is about as simple as glassware gets.


What Is a Steamroller Pipe? 

Imagine the mouthpiece a bong. Now turn it sideways. That’s more or less the concept behind the steamroller, a horizontally-aligned pipe that’s long and narrow. There’s a reason for that added length! The additional space between the bowl and the mouthpiece allows for smoke to cool before being inhaled.

If you’ve ever had the misfortune of hitting a cheap chillum — essentially a short, conical pipe with no carb (the hole one holds and then releases) — you will likely recall the unpleasant sensation of having hot smoke hit your throat too fast.

While chillums do not have a carb, the steamroller, by contrast, has one in a rather unique place. On a standard pipe, you’ll usually find the carb on the side of the bowl, but on a steamroller, the carb is actually situated opposite the mouthpiece (at the far end of the pipe). In some cases, the carb is also larger than normal, which allows for a more powerful hit to be inhaled once the carb is “cleared.”

Thus, the steamroller can come in handy when you’re planning on taking some monster hits. This is actually the signature characteristic of the steamroller: it packs quite the punch. Naturally, this is how the steamroller earned its name. When it comes to steamrollers, if you’re not careful, it can flatten you! (Remember those old anti-drug PSAs? Us neither!)

How Do I Use a Steamroller? 

Now that we’ve gotten the precautionary warnings out of the way, let’s talk about how to get the most from your steamroller.

In terms of practical use, the process is as simple as packing the bowl, placing your finger or palm over the far end of the pipe, lighting the flower, inhaling, and finally removing your hand to clear the hit. While a bong is able to reduce the harshness of larger hits by filtrating the smoke through water, steamrollers are a “dry” pipe. This means those using a steamroller pipe should be prepared for a sizeable, potentially-jarring hit.

Efforts to avoid this scenario can certainly be applied. Most importantly, start slow with your steamroller. For this reason, steamrollers are also not the ideal method of consumption for beginners or for folks who have a low tolerance for THC. Don’t be the person that lets someone clear a massive hit off a steamroller during their first cannabis experience. It’s just bad etiquette.


What Kinds of Steamrollers Exist? 

All steamrollers meet the criteria described above, but beyond that, there’s certainly a number of options to consider.

Some steamrollers feature small feet or claws that allow for the pipe to sit comfortably on a table. In the context of cannabis consumption, there’s nothing sadder than watching a glass steamroller slowly roll its way off a table — and to its own demise.

Another option on some designs is an internal percolator. Percolators are water chambers, which, in the case of a steamroller, means smoother hits without the hassle of cleaning out the soiled water from your pipe afterwards.

Similarly, some steamrollers can be enhanced with a keck clip. Keck clips allow for the bowl to be easily attached and removed, which is a big win when it comes to keeping your equipment clean. Ditto for ashcatchers, which are available for some steamrollers, as well.

When it doubt, start simple and go from there!

Follow Zack Ruskin on Twitter

Original Post: Merry Jane: WTF Is a Steamroller Pipe and How Do You Use One?

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