What Are “Cross Joints” and How Do You Roll Them?

What Are “Cross Joints” and How Do You Roll Them?

Original Post: Merry Jane: What Are “Cross Joints” and How Do You Roll Them?

[Canniseur: The first time I ever saw one of these, I just had to try it. It’s a whole lotta weed to inhale at one time! WHEW!!!! It’s an interesting leson in crafting and craft because a good one is very difficult to make! Once you have mastered this, you can probably qualify as a surgeon. NOT]

When did you first learn about the majesty of cross joints?

For those familiar with this holy grail of grass consumption, the answer is quite likely to be the 2008 film Pineapple Express, a stoner action-comedy in which the two lead characters discuss and consume the fabled cross joint. While Saul (a pot dealer played by James Franco) gets credit for rolling all the joints in the script, in reality, it was Franco’s co-star who actually put his finger skills to use.

Yes, noted cannabis aficionado Seth Rogen is the man responsible for the cross joint’s debut in mainstream pop culture. Ironically, his character, Dale, is utterly mystified by the first cross joint he encounters. “You can SMOKE this?” he asks in shock, reflecting what could be said is a fairly universal response to see such marijuana elegance in the flesh. Dale is immediately given the good news: he can most certainly smoke that.

However, before we go over the steps required to construct and consume your own cross joint, here are a few details on what these complex contraptions actually are.

What Are “Cross Joints”?

Without wishing to invoke blasphemy, cross joints are essentially a crucifix of cannabis — at least from a physical standpoint. Technically speaking, a cross joint consists of a larger joint that has a second, smaller joint inserted horizontally through its middle. The name “cross joints” is thus because these architectural wonders of pot literally resemble crosses. If you prefer an agnostic descriptor, they also resemble a lower-case letter “t” (minus the bottom hook). Whatever shape you see, by lighting all three ends, one can create what Saul emphatically calls “a trifecta of joint-smoking power.”

The main trick to making your cross joint work involves a few carefully-placed sewing needle holes to ensure even air flow from three ignition points. Once those points (top and both sides) are burning, the fun begins. Despite their appeal, novice rollers may wish to start with something a bit more basic before tackling the cross joint.

For those who feel qualified (or just really love being frustrated), read on for a step-for-step guide on how to make this doobie dream come true.

How Do You Roll a “Cross Joint”? 

Seth Rogen has alway carried himself as a man of the people, so naturally, he made a video documenting the process of how to roll a cross joint in hopes of sharing this coveted knowledge with the wider world. Here’s what he suggests you do to successfully craft your own cross joint.

Supplies Required: 

  • Weed
  • Grinder
  • A small piece of cardboard
  • Rolling papers (1 large, 1 small)
  • Sewing needle or a similar tool


  1. Using the larger rolling paper, roll what Rogen describes as a “big fat joint.” Be sure you roll this joint thick enough to insert another, smaller joint through the middle of the big guy, which we’ll detail how to do in a few steps.
  2. Get your smaller rolling paper and roll another joint. To keep things simple, we’ll refer to these two joints as LJ (large joint) and SJ (small joint) from here on out.
  3. Take the sewing needle and poke a hole in the LJ where you want the SJ to go through. Work the needle back and forth until the opening is large enough to fit one end of the SJ through it.
  4. Next, use the sewing needle to poke a hole in the SJ (which will go through the middle of the LJ). Place the hole in your SJ to coincide with the part of it that will be inside the LJ. This hole ensures that you’ll be able to inhale weed through the tip of the LJ, as the airflow would otherwise be blocked.
  5. Put the SJ through the hole you’ve just made in the LJ so that a balanced amount of SJ is sticking out on either side.
  6. This is optional, but Rogen recommends taking a few extra papers, cutting off the stickum part, and using them to reinforce the area where the two joints meet so everything pulls smoother.
  7. Roll your small piece of cardboard into a crutch and slide it into the bottom of the larger joint. (This can also be done during step one.)
  8. Light it up (in all three spots) and enjoy! Saul and Dale would be proud of you.


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Original Post: Merry Jane: What Are “Cross Joints” and How Do You Roll Them?

Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies launch with Happy Hour Inspired Flavors

Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies launch with Happy Hour Inspired Flavors

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies launch with Happy Hour Inspired Flavors

[Canniseur: Wana gummies have been the most consistent edibles I’ve found. The effect seems the same every time. The indica flavor is great for long plane rides and helping sleep with pain. I’ve not been a fan of the ‘sativa’ flavor, mostly because I personally don’t like the effect of edibles. These new products might be different. They use a process called nanoemulsification, which is a pharmaceutical industry method of getting a drug in the bloodstream rapidly. It’s been around for a decade so it’s an established process. I’ll try them to see if the effect is different from regular edibles.]

Nanoemulsification technology ensures rapid onset and quicker offset

Boulder, Colo. (March 9, 2020) — Wana Brands continues to innovate the landscape of the gummie edible market. Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies featuring new Happy Hour flavors provide a novel edible experience, with an onset of 5-15 mins and Delta-9-THC effects (similar to an inhalation effect rather than an edible effect) lasting up to three hours. Traditional edibles have an onset time of up to two hours, with effects lasting up to six hours. The new Wana product line features an all-natural recipe, with no high fructose corn syrup. Each gummie offers 5mg of THC, with 20 gummies per package.

“At Wana, we saw a need for a product that could deliver a less intense inhalation-like experience in an edible form quickly and predictably,” said Wana CEO Nancy Whiteman. “Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies more closely mirror the onset and offset time of a typical inhalable cannabis product or an alcoholic beverage, making them a unique alternative to the traditional edible experience.”

Fast, effective and innovative, Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies harness TiME (Thermodynamic Individual Molecular Encapsulation), a new quick onset technology from Azuca. While traditional edibles convert Delta-9-THC in the digestive tract to 11-Hydroxy-THC, Wana Quick gummies feature individually encapsulated Delta-9-THC cannabinoids with greater bioavailability that work at the molecular level to bypass the liver and enter the bloodstream immediately. This means onset in less than 15 mins for most, and a Delta-9-THC experience that lasts two to four hours.

The encapsulation technology is paired with new flavors from Wana including:

●      CBD/THC 1:1 Strawberry Margarita: Fast-acting technology is paired with sweet and citrusy flavors of a strawberry margarita with a hint of salt. Infused with CBD and THC terpene-enhanced distillate, this popular 1:1 ratio offers psychoactive effects while promoting relaxation and tranquility. 5mg CBD / 5mg THC per piece, 100mg CBD / 100mg THC per package (20 pieces).

●      Sativa Peach Bellini: Fast-acting technology is paired with the juicy peach flavor of a sparkling peach bellini. Infused with sativa terpene-enhanced distillate, which has been known to cause a more uplifting and motivating effect. 5mg THC per piece, 100mg THC per package (20 pieces).

●      Indica Piña Colada: Fast-acting technology is paired with the rich and creamy pineapple and coconut flavors of a piña colada. Infused with indica terpene-enhanced distillate, which often results in a mellow, stress-relieving effect. 5mg THC per piece, 100mg THC per package (20 pieces).

Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies are now available in Colorado dispensaries and will roll out to other states where Wana Brands is available in the coming year. Wana became the No. 1 brand of edibles (BDS Analytics Brand Share Report 2019) in the United States, with more dollars sold than any other brand, by leading the industry in innovation. It has expanded its product portfolio with a range of different CBD/THC ratios as well as a variety of different dosages, onset times and duration of effects. The portfolio is designed so that products can be used singly or in combination to address specific health, wellness and recreational needs.

Another reason for the popularity of Wana’s gummies: great flavor. From the beginning, Wana has focused as much on taste as on all the other qualities of its products. More than 30 different types of pectin were tested to determine the best possible consistency and scalability. Fruit pectin makes Wana Sour Gummies one of the only available vegan products on the market. During the cooking process, the gummies are infused with a high-quality tincture, not sprayed. All Wana products are made with gluten-free ingredients and taste like real fruit, thanks to all-natural flavoring, coloring and sugar. Wana gummies contain no mineral oil or artificial sweeteners, which can cause stomach upset. Wana has prioritized safety and product standards. Products are manufactured in line with cGMP and HACCP practices and are tested for potency.

Wana Brands: Enhance Your Life.

Included in the 2019 Inc. 5000 list at #1536 and boasting a three-year growth rate of 269%, Wana Brands is the No. 1 edibles brand in the United States, with more dollars sold than any other brand, according to BDS Analytics 2019 Brand Share Report. Wana leads the industry in quality, consistency and potency, providing a range of different options that enable customers to create the specific cannabis experience they want. Wana products offer diverse product forms including edibles, vapes and extended release capsules, four different CBD/THC ratios as well as a variety of different dosages, onset times and duration of effects. The portfolio is designed so products can be used singly or in combination to address specific health, wellness and recreational needs. Wana products are available in Colorado, California, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Arizona and Oregon dispensaries, with Maryland, Oklahoma, Missouri, and Florida (as regulations allow) among the states imminently coming online. Wana Brands will also expand internationally to Canada in 2020. For more information or to subscribe to Wana’s e-newsletter, visit www.wanabrands.com. Follow Wana on LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube and Pinterest.

The post Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies launch with Happy Hour Inspired Flavors appeared first on CannabisFN.

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Wana Quick Fast-Acting Gummies launch with Happy Hour Inspired Flavors

Check Out Leaked Photos of Nike’s New “Strawberry Cough” Sneakers for 4/20

Check Out Leaked Photos of Nike’s New “Strawberry Cough” Sneakers for 4/20

Original Post: Merry Jane: Check Out Leaked Photos of Nike’s New “Strawberry Cough” Sneakers for 4/20

[Canniseur: Nike, of all companies, is releasing a shoe called “Strawberry Cough” which is, if you’ve spent any time at a dispensary, a cultivar of cannabis!!! Nike. Really. And of course, it’s going to be released on April 20th.]

4/20 is still more than a month away, but Nike is wasting no time prepping for the high holiday.

In a new set of leaked pictures, it appears that the multi-national sportswear brand will be celebrating this year’s annual smokeout with a new pair of high-top Dunk SBs based on the famed sativa strain, “Strawberry Cough.”

First Look at the Nike SB Dunk High ”Strawberry Cough” 🤧🍓 releasing later this year #solebyjc
A post shared by Jean Carlos (@solebyjc) on

Despite Nike’s status atop the corporate sneaker heap, the Swoosh has always spent big bucks to stay relevant with the cool kids and tastemakers. For stoners, that means an yearly skateboard shoe paying homage to some part of cannabis culture. Last year, the brand rolled out a “Dogwalker” shoe, and a “White Widow” mid top marked the holiday in 2018.

This year, Nike once again tapped legendary Midwest skateboard artist and designer Todd Bratrud to create the kushy kicks. In a leaked picture of this year’s 4/20 Dunk SB, sneaker fiends can check out a red and green shoe styled in the vein of the fruit-flavored sativa “Strawberry Cough.” The bright pair comes decked out with a strawberry seed print, a clear sole, premium materials, and a coughing strawberry decal on the outer heel and insoles.

In addition to hemp shoes and intergalactic dunks in past years, Bratrud has used motifs from Cheech & Chong to help Nike stay hip on 4/20 without explicitly engaging with the words cannabis, weed, or marijuana. Yet with close to a decade of 4/20 SB Dunks in their portfolio, neither Nike or Bratrud has ever spoken candidly about the annual collaboration.

Of course, because the new pictures are an unofficial leak, we cannot confirm whether the Strawberry Cough shoes will actually be hitting skate shops on 4/20. But if confirmation does come, make sure to get in line early, as Nike Dunk SBs continue to draw fanatic obsession from sneaker heads across the world.

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Original Post: Merry Jane: Check Out Leaked Photos of Nike’s New “Strawberry Cough” Sneakers for 4/20

WTF Is Live Sauce and How Do You Make the Premium Cannabis Extract?

WTF Is Live Sauce and How Do You Make the Premium Cannabis Extract?

Original Post: Merry Jane: WTF Is Live Sauce and How Do You Make the Premium Cannabis Extract?

Image via

[Canniseur: Are these extracts or concentrates? I’d tend to think these are concentrates as I tend to think of the oils you vape as extracts. That said, these are mostly made with water, which I wholeheartedly approve. I just can’t get my head around butane and CO2 extracted uh, extracts. Concentrates can be wonderful. Extracts can give you lung injuries as we’ve seen with the vape pen crises. These Concentrates will never come in a vial of oil that you can puff through your vape pen.]

With the advent of dabbing, the cannabis lexicon has grown tremendously.

For starters, there’s the act of dabbing itself. As a reminder, “dabbing” essentially means smoking vapors generated by heating cannabis concentrates. The act of dabbing has introduced consumers to things like torches, rigs (devices used to heat concentrates), and nails (what you place your concentrate on and heat).

In addition to the new array of hardware terminology we have, there is also the matter of understanding all the various kinds of concentrates currently available on the market. There are basically five essential types of concentrates to know about: shatter, crumble, budder, wax, and oil. All of them include the same basic ingredients (beneficial cannabinoids and tasty terpenes), but vary on aspects of texture, purity, and how they’re manufactured.

What leads to shatter being brittle, or crumble being, well, crumbly, is the method of extraction. Essentially how an extract is acquired and subsequently treated is what yields the form and substance you’ll ultimately be enjoying. So, what is live resin and live sauce? And what makes each particular type of cannabis concentrate special?

What Is Live Resin? 

Also known as “sap,” live resin is concentrated cannabis trichomes.

As Max Eisler of the brand incredibles explained to MERRY JANE in 2018, “pretty much all [of the] stuff we’re trying to get off the cannabis plant is resin.” What makes live resin unique is when in the harvest cycle such resin extraction occurs. In the past, resin was extracted by cultivators once their plants had already been dried. With live resin, that process instead occurs while the plant is still in its freshest state. By extracting resin at this stage, the result is a robust-flavored, impressively potent product that is becoming increasingly popular as a consumption method of choice.

When it comes to extracting live resin, high-grade laboratory equipment and qualified technicians are definitely a must. Essentially the process involves cryogenically freezing freshly-harvested plants (below -292 degrees F). This way all of the plant’s valuable terpene profile is fully preserved. This is not the case with resin extraction processes that rely on heat (like butane hash oil and rosin extraction), in which a portion of terpenes are destroyed by nature of the process. That said, don’t discard them based on that info alone!

And for little more of a technical explanation about what makes live resin interesting, peep the following from our recent interview with Harmony Extracts:

The reason it’s called “live resin” is because the terpene profile of the plant, on the day you harvest it, is completely different than when you cut down a plant and hang-dry it. A lot of people don’t realize this, but about 70 to 80 percent of the terpenes that a cannabis plant produces during its life cycle is lost within the first week of hang-drying and curing it. So, when we take the plant and immediately freeze it, we’re freezing in the terpene profile as it was on the day of the harvest. That terpene profile [of a live resin extract] is exactly how it was on the day that you harvested it; it’s a “live profile,” if you will.


OK, But What Is Live Sauce? 

Live resin refers to a full-spectrum extract, meaning that the focus extends beyond THC and includes the entire range of cannabinoids and terpenes possible. Live sauce, however, is a live resin derivative that points the spotlight on two specific elements: HTE and HCE.

The “sauce” label comes from the product’s consistency, which includes a liquid portion and a solid portion. The liquid portion is known as High Terpene Extract (HTE) and it’s focus is not on potency but rather the scrumptious tastes and smells of the resin. The solid part is composed of THCa Crystalline, an inactive precursor form of THC that will become activated as part of the consumption process.

The HCE refers to a High Cannabinoid Extract, which is the standard applied to extracts that are rich with crystals and contain less HTE.


How Is Live Sauce Made? 

Live sauce has a growing reputation for tasting amazing, promising pure, quality hits, and for being among the priciest options on most dispensary menus.

The reason live resin, and live sauce especially, cost an arm and leg is the effort required to manufacture ‘em. In order to flash-freeze fresh cannabis flower and initiate the extraction process under ideal conditions, a lot of equipment and labor is involved.

Some extractors engage in a process known as a “diamond mining” in which trichome crystals (aka diamonds) are separated from the rest of the resin to create a terp sauce. “Loud” or pungent flower is often preferred to welcome even more flavor and aroma to the party. So, if you have the extra pesos and want to try some seriously premium extracts, treat yourself to some live sauce the next time you’re at a pot shop. Your taste buds will thank you!

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Original Post: Merry Jane: WTF Is Live Sauce and How Do You Make the Premium Cannabis Extract?

Vaping Cannabis is Confusing. 4 Things to Know

Vaping Cannabis is Confusing. 4 Things to Know

Are You Confused about Vaping Cannabis?

Vaping cannabis has been all over the news over the last several months. Between vaping extracts, concentrates, and whole flower the terms can be confusing. Dispensaries typically list a long menu of “extracts” and “concentrates”. Many of these products need to be vaped. Did you know whole flower can be vaped as well? The most ubiquitous kind of vaping uses a vape pen with cartridges that contain an oil that’s been extracted from the plant. Other products don’t come in a handy dandy cartridge form. They are variously called butters, rosins, shatter, sugar, sauce, resin, live resin, rosin, etc. The list continues. If you don’t know what all of these are, it’s OK. (I don’t either!) These are concentrates.

If the vaping ‘crisis’ makes things even more complicated because we now have to add the question ‘what is safe?’ then it might be enough to just want to say “to hell with vaping” I’ll smoke flower. OK, that’s fine, but there are some things that you can vape safely and effectively. Here are four things you need to know before you decide to vape or you should know if you are vaping cannabis.

1. WTF is Vaping Anyway?

Vaping is the application of heat, but not flame, to an extract, concentrate or flower. Each form of cannabis is different, but the main event in vaping is heating, not burning. Vaping bud is a bit different. It’s as if you were to heat cannabis flower in an ‘oven’ to somewhere below the point where it burns. The natural components of the flower will vaporize and made available for you to inhale, getting their benefit. All the natural terpenes and THC vaporize in the flower below the burning point.

2. Concentrates vs. Extracts

Concentrates and extracts are not created equally. To make it even more confusing, the terms are often used interchangeably.

Cannabis Concentrates

Concentrates are exactly what they sound like; The concentrated “essence” of the cannabis plant. In this case, we’re talking about hashish, butters, rosins, resins, etc. They use the natural THCs, CBDs and terpenes contained in the trichomes. Trichomes are mostly in the flowers and leaves and are a natural part of the plant. Some concentrates are made by hand…literally. These are traditional methods and are used to make hash. Some concentrates are made with cold water and ice or from freeze-dried flower. Concentrates that are not made by hand are made with water, but can also be made with butane, alcohol or CO2. If the solvent chemicals are completely removed, these are generally safe, but water wash or handmade is still the safest. Do not mistake them for extracts that are made with chemicals. Generally, because concentrates are made naturally using hand labor or water, they’re safe to consume.

Concentrates made with chemicals are more problematic but are generally safe. There is one major problem with chemically concentrated cannabis. All the forms use heat. Heat vaporizes many of the products in the plant. If we’re consuming, we want the vaporization to occur while we’re vaporizing the product ourselves. If there are parts of the plant lost when the concentration is done, so they have to be put back in. How? That’s a bigger question.


Extracts are different. Extracts are made from whole plants that are chemically stripped of all of their THC, terpenes and everything else in the plant. Since most extracts use heat to ‘extract’ the elements of the plant, a lot is lost. Extracts are like the oil you find in vape pen cartridges. They are made from the whole plant. If they taste at all like cannabis you’re used to it’s because the producer has added terpenes or other compounds to give it a familiar taste,

Frequently the additions are synthetic, but sometimes they’re advertised as ‘cannabis-derived’. It’s still not what was in the original plant. I don’t vape oil. Making extracts is very efficient. If you have the right equipment, the whole plant can be cut and in as little as 10-15 minutes later, it’s oil! A machine chops the whole plant into tiny pieces that are put in the “extractarator” (my word) and Voila! Magically the plant becomes extract.

Health Issues

All the health problems with vaping you’re been reading about are from extracts, not concentrates. This is important and it’s worth repeating: ALL THE HEALTH PROBLEMS WITH VAPING CANNABIS HAVE BEEN BECAUSE OF EXTRACTS. Concentrates are not the problem, extracts are the problem. Many extractors have been using oils, specifically vitamin E acetate, to make the oil more viscous or an appropriate texture for cartridges. Vitamin E acetate has been implicated in the recent lung illnesses and deaths.

Extracts are the diet soda of cannabis. Made to get you high, but not made for true enjoyment.

3. The Problems with Extracts

There is a major problem with the end product of extracts. Heat. Heat destroys about everything in the plant except for THC and similar compounds. But what makes cannabis cannabis isn’t just the THC. It’s all the THCs, the CBDs, CBGs, terpenes, and all the other 100s of other compounds in the plant. All you’re left with after applying mild heat are THC compounds.

In addition, you just don’t know what’s in that oil you’re vaping. The process is opaque. It’s a mystery surrounded by an enigma. There are many ways to make oil, or to make oil ‘oilier’, or to make it taste better, or whatever the producer thinks will make you buy his or her product. There is almost no transparency in vape cartridge oil production. That’s not a good thing. It’s not good because you don’t know what you’re inhaling. In the long term, it’s not good for business.

4. The Difference Between Flower vs. Concentrate

A cannabis flower has everything in it. There might be 100+ types of THC and who knows how many different terpenes (more are being discovered daily it seems), isomers of terpenes, isolates, and who knows how many other compounds contributing to the complete effect. We still don’t know enough.

Concentrates have the contents of natural flower if done correctly. This can mean rubbing through a screen to get the trichomes, freeze-drying and/or water extraction, or ice water extraction. There are several traditional ways of concentrating. These methods go back hundreds, if not thousands of years. That Labonese blond(e) hash you might love was made with a process that goes back at least to the 1500s. That tarry Nepalese black hash is also an ancient process. Wherever cannabis was found, there was a process to concentrate its goodness.

Newer processes use water technology to concentrate the flower. All these processes use ice water to concentrate the trichomes in a way that they can be extracted whole, then sifted out of the mash to create a concentrate that is essentially pure and whole. Nothing has been destroyed by heat. No chemicals other than H20 have been added to the flower. No terpenes. Nothing else other than flower. It’s a pure process and difficult to master, but the results can be incredible. There are a few companies in Colorado that are only using water extraction to create their products.

The Bottom Line about Vaping Cannabis

If you want to vape cannabis, it’s probably safe. It’s actually a good way to create an effect. Whole flower is wonderful when vaped with a good product. Concentrates are also wonderful when vaped. Different water extracted concentrates like water wash hash or hashish can be terrific. Personally, I do not consume the oils that come in cartridges mostly because I don’t know what’s in them. I also will only consume water washed concentrates. The other concentrates are made using methyl alcohol or butane or other solvents that supposedly are removed at the end of the process. But are they all removed? I don’t know. And neither do you. Vape away, but be aware of the caveats. Be happy.

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body was posted on Cannabis Culture.

[Canniseur: CBD is all the rage. Here’s a short primer on the ways CBD can help your health.]

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the 200 different substances (cannabinoids) that can be extracted from the cannabis plant – the other most common being THC.

THC is the cannabinoid that’s responsible for making people feel “high.” CBD, on the other hand, offers the benefits of marijuana without the stoned feeling. 

All mammals have an endocannabinoid system, which has receptors on nearly all the cells in the body – which allows the CBD oil to work all throughout the body to help with a number of ailments and issues.

That said, much of the research available to support CBD is limited to animal studies and small-scale human studies. This is large because of the legislation that lumped marijuana and hemp together as illegal plants in 1970. Hemp was separated from marijuana permanently in 2018 legislation, making it much easier to study now, but from what is available, CBD oil shows great promise.

1. Calms Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s natural response when there is harm. It can be acute, as a result of illness, infection, or injury. Oftentimes, however, it is chronic – when there is a prolonged inflammatory response in the body. When it continues it can lead to oxidative stress – or an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants. Inflammation and oxidative stress are associated with a wide range of illnesses and diseases.

A 2015 review in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry found that CBD reduces inflammation in multiple pathways of the body, and as such could be an effective potential for a variety of conditions that are characterized by inflammation.

2. Helps Regulate Mood

Animal studies published in the British Journal of Pharmacology and Public Library of Science (PLOS) One show that CBD has anti-depressant like effects. This is likely due to the fact that CBD can act on the brain’s receptors for serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates social behavior and mood.

3. Improves Pain Response

Many people who use the best CBD products on a regular basis say they do so to treat or at least mitigate pain. CBD works to relieve pain by binding to and desensitizing receptors that are known to mediate pain and sensory perception, body temperature, and inflammation.

A 2017 study published in Pain examined the effects of CBD in male rats with osteoarthritis. After two weeks, acute inflammation of the joints was reduced by local CBD treatment applied to the area. The administration of CBD was also found to prevent the development of nerve damage and joint pain.

4. Calms the Mind and Relaxes the Body

If you have an anxiety disorder, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, or NIDA, says CBD has been shown to reduce stress in animals. Physiological symptoms of anxiety improved, as well as behavioral signs of anxiety.

5. Protects the Brain

Researchers believe that CBD’s ability to act on the endocannabinoid system and other brain signaling systems may benefit people with neurological disorders. Though the research is still new, studies have shown promise. Animal and test-tube studies have shown that CBD may decrease inflammation and help prevent neurodegeneration that’s common with Alzheimer’s disease.

6. Helps Treat a Number of Mental Health Conditions

In addition to its anxiety relief and anti-depressant like effects, some studies show that CBD may help people with schizophrenia and other mental disorders. How? It’s thought to reduce psychotic symptoms, per a 2015 review in Schizophrenia Research.

7. Helps Relieve Cancer-Related Symptoms

Cancer treatment often causes nausea, vomiting, and pain. In a 2010 study published in the Journal of Pain Symptom Management, people who received both CBD and THC extract saw more pain relief than those who only received THC. 

A 2006 study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology found that CBD may help reduce chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. 

A 2010 small-scale study in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology showed that a one-to-one combination CBD and THC administered via a mouth spray reduced chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting better than the standard treatment alone.

8. Could Help Heart Health

Several studies have linked CBD to multiple benefits for the heart and circulatory system, such as the ability to lower blood pressure. High blood pressure is linked to several health conditions including metabolic syndrome, stroke, and heart attack. 

At this point, it’s thought that the stress and anxiety-reducing properties of CBD may be the reason it helps lower blood pressure. 

Multiple animal studies have shown that CBD can help reduce the installation and cell death that’s associated with heart disease because of its powerful antioxidant and stress-reducing properties. One study, in particular, found that CBD treatment reduced oxidative stress and prevented heart damage in diabetic mice with heart disease.

9. May Prevent Diabetes

In animal studies, diabetic mice were treated with CBD. This reduced the incidence of 56% and significantly reduced inflammation. More studies are needed with humans to see if the benefit transfers.

10. May Help Substance Abuse Recovery Efforts

In animal studies, CBD has been shown to modify the circuitry in the brain related to drug addiction. It has been shown in rats to not only reduce morphine dependence but also heroin-seeking behavior.

11. Helps Treat Epilepsy

Studies have shown that CBD oil can help reduce seizure activities in children with Dravet syndrome, as well as adults with severe epilepsy. But, both studies saw that people experienced side effects including fatigue, fever, and convulsions.

12. Addresses Muscle Spasticity

Multiple Sclerosis often causes stiff muscles and muscle spasms, which are often treated with muscle relaxant medications such as Baclofen and tizanidine. Muscle spasticity is also common in cerebral palsy, and other conditions where there are brain or spinal cord injuries. Studies show using cannabinoids can help ease the spasms and pain associated with them.

Generally speaking, CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe, but it may cause side effects in some people, such as diarrhea, changes in weight and appetite, and fatigue. It’s worth mentioning that it can interact with several medications, altering how much of it is in your system. That’s why it’s important to talk with your doctor before you start using it to treat any medical condition.

12 Ways CBD Oil Impacts the Body was posted on Cannabis Culture.

Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Original Post: Merry Jane: Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

[Canniseur: Here’s another reason I don’t like to vape anything other than whole flower. Imagine; Vitamin E oil in legal cartridges. How and why did it get there? Does anyone know what is actually in those cartridges? I don’t. I don’t know what’s in that oil or who made them either. Not knowing is detrimental to the experience. Knowledge is power.]

Michigan cannabis regulators have recalled over 9,000 vaping products that tested positive for vitamin E acetate, a vape oil cutting agent that health authorities believe is responsible for the recent outbreak of vaping-related lung injuries.

On Wednesday, the state Marijuana Regulatory Agency (MRA) recalled several different flavors of Savage brand vaping concentrate sold by Plan B Wellness, a licensed dispensary in Detroit. The state pulled 8,020 prepackaged vape carts off the store’s shelves and inventories, but the recall also includes 1,360 vape carts that had already been sold to customers, MLive reported. Each of these products was found to contain vitamin E acetate.

“Patients or caregivers who have these affected medical marijuana products in their possession should return them to Plan B Wellness for proper disposal,” the MRA stated in a press release. “Plan B Wellness must notify patients or caregivers that purchased these medical marijuana products of the recall.”

The list of contaminated products include Savage Stick vape carts sold in October and November, and carts of Blackberry Kush, GG#4, and Runtz that were sold on January 16. Customers who find themselves suffering from lung problems after using these products are advised to seek immediate medical attention and to notify the MRA by email or phone.

Back in November, the MRA halted the sale of every single vaping product on the market in order to test these products for vitamin E additives. Many products passed the tests and were returned to the market, but on December 17, the state recalled nearly 65,000 vape carts for failing these tests. Several Savage brand products were included among this recall as well.

These contaminated products were able to make their way onto the market thanks to Michigan’s rush to launch early sales of adult-use weed. In August, the MRA began allowing newly-licensed dispensaries to transfer existing, untested weed products into the state’s cannabis sales system. These untested products were made legal for sale, so long as customers signed waivers acknowledging that they understood the risks of using untested products.

However, these sales began before the news of vaping-related lung illness (EVALI or VAPI) began to spread, so customers were unaware that the risks of vaping untested products could be life-threatening. The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have now linked 2,668 cases of EVALI and 60 deaths to vaping products, although the number of new cases is now on the decline. In a recent report, the CDC reported that 82 percent of these cases involved the use of THC vapes.

The CDC suspects that vitamin E acetate may be one of the main factors responsible for this illness. The cutting agent is sometimes used to thicken lower-quality vaping oils, in order to pass them off as higher-quality products. At first, authorities believed that only black market vapes included this additive, but Michigan regulators are now finding that many legal products have vitamin E acetate in them, too.

A Colorado testing lab suggested that vitamin E acetate can actually occur naturally within cannabis products, at levels that may not present a risk to users, which could explain the results of Michigan’s testing. It is currently unknown whether the producers of the recalled carts intentionally added vitamin E acetate or not.

Original Post: Merry Jane: Michigan Recalls 9,300 Legal THC Vapes Over Vitamin E Additives

Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

[Canniseur: Cannabis infused beverages? Unless the makers of infused beverages can figure out how to make them taste decent, there won’t be much of a market… there’s no telling about taste! 🙂 Seriously, there are tons of problems to overcome with the taste of cannabis in beverages. I do wish them all the luck in the world on this venture.]

According to analysts, the space is forecasted to be worth over $5 billion globally by 2026. Positioned with one of the top bottling facilities in California and a gorgeous lineup of products is The Tinley Beverage Company(TNYBF:OTC) (TNY:CSE).

Tinley is the only pure-play, publicly-traded cannabis beverage company, unaffected by fluctuations in cultivation, making it the most efficient way to invest in the cannabis beverage trend.

Tinley’s products have achieved the holy grail of non-alcoholic beverages inspired by the world’s most popular liquors and cocktails, all with a rapid-onset and a genuine full-flower sativa effect.  Low sugar, vegan, gluten free and kosher to boot.

To ensure that the “new” cannabis user sees these products, as well as generate mass retail revenue, the company is offering non-infused versions of its products in 150 BevMo liquor stores for “sober January”.  It also just announced trials with one of the country’s largest supermarket chains as well as with one of the largest warehouse-style store chains.  Adult-style, non-alcoholic beverages are one of the fastest-growing sectors within the overall beverage industry, with projections for the category growing at up to 39% annually for the next several years.

The third pillar of the company is its co-packing and overall infrastructure services for third-party beverage companies.  The Company is run by ex-Cott executives (Cott is a multi-billion beverage co-packer), so no doubt they’re working to create the same success in cannabis.  During the internet boom, it was the “picks and shovels” that wound up enduring best, so Tinley offers investors this opportunity as well.

Finally, the company has signed a deal to offer its products in the world’s second-largest cannabis market (after California), which is Canada.  With no less than Great North Distributors, which is the same exclusive sales force and distributor as Aphria (largest Canadian cannabis company by revenue) and Pasha Brands (craft cannabis company and investee of Aphria).

Two-time NBA all star and Vitaminwater® early investor Baron Davis recently joined the company’s advisory role.  He intends to help drive brand-awareness, product development and the introduction of celebrity co-packing clients.

CFN Media sat down with Tinley Founder and CEO, Jeff Maser, and President of Western Business, Rick Gillis, at the MJ Micro Conference in Beverly Hills where they discussed the company’s history, their commitment to community, and how Tinley’s business model will take them straight to the top of the game.

CFN:  Tell us about Tinley? How was the company was conceived?

Jeff Maser:  I was at an after-work party, holding a cocktail, and said to myself, “Wouldn’t it be great if this could be a cannabis experience rather than an alcohol experience?  Healthier and a nicer experience, with no-hanger.

It was really that simple – the spark for Tinley.

That’s why our products are all modelled on popular cocktails and liquors including margarita, Moscow Mule, coconut rum, cinnamon whisky and Italian amaretto.

All are made by national-brand liquor formulators, and therefore use the same botanicals and flavors that are found in those products in bars.  They also replicate the dose – so a light high if you drink a bottle of the cocktail-style products, and the same light dose if you drink just a shot of the liquor-style products.  If you want a stronger effect, you can drink more, just like with alcohol.

CFN:  How does your background give you an edge?

JM:  I started my career at Cott, which at the time was the third largest beverage company in the world.  It’s a wildly successful co-packer, largely due to a unique strategy of creating new clients by getting known consumer brands into the beverage business.  They got Virgin to create Virgin Cola, Safeway to create Safeway Select Cola, as two prominent examples.

I felt the opportunity in cannabis was clear – create the “Cott of cannabis”.  It was a massive success in mainstream beverage, so the same would no doubt be possible in the cannabis beverage industry.  I recruited former Cott executives – one of the leading ones helped with the seed round – and began building the foundations of the same business model.

As an entrepreneur, I’ve always felt its important to surround the company with highly experienced executives in adjacent categories.  So in addition to bringing in the Cott folks, we also brought in who is perhaps the biggest resume in cannabis in a full-time role: Rick Gillis.  Rick was previously General Manager of Coca Cola Enterprises in the Southwest USA, a $2 billion business line.  Subsequent to that he was president of Young’s Market Company, the second-largest alcohol distributor in the Western USA, with thousands of employees and $3 billion in revenue.  So he knows beverage.

Rick Gillis:  I’ve spent my entire career bringing products to market and pondering how to catch the attention of the consumer the second they walk into any retail store. It has everything to do with one’s ability to execute seamlessly and be the trusted advisor for the customer. If you think about cannabis, we’re in the early stages of exploiting the cannabis-infused beverages category, which is new in itself.

So you could think about business in California, one that is rapidly approaching $4 billion in revenue, with a bottleneck of only about 600 physical points of availability to get to the consumer. So our efforts are now focused on exploiting our ability to have our products come to life in said points and that has everything to do with our logistics capability.

Not only are we a contract manufacturer (we make high quality, low cost products for third-party beverage companies), we’re the entry point for many to come into cannabis, and we want to be responsible for helping build what is now about a percent of the industry to something that is predicted to be somewhere close to 30% within the next few years (suggesting a $1.5 billion category in California alone). 

CFN:  You recently signed a major distribution deal with BevMo to bring non-infused products to mainstream shelves. Tell us about that?

JM:  When we do marketing events, we give out non-medicated versions of all of our drinks.  At almost every event consumers ask if they can buy the products without cannabis as well, for times when they just want to stay completely sober.  Turns out this is a massive trend, with bars, restaurants and liquor stores across the country – and especially in California – aggressively expanding their lineup of adult-style beverages for people who don’t want alcohol.  It’s often referred to as the “sober curious” movement.  We caught the attention of BevMo, the most prominent liquor chains on the West coast, which is positioning itself as a leader in this rapidly-growing category.  We struck a deal for 150 stores, and this gives our cannabis brand huge mainstream visibility as well as a mass retail source of revenue.

CFN:  How does the deal with Great North increase market penetration in Canada?

JM:  Great North is an affiliate company of Southern Glazer’s Wine and Spirits. Southern Glazer’s is the largest wine and spirits distributor in North America. Its Canadian division has an affiliate company called Great North that does cannabis distribution in Canada, because cannabis wholesaling is run by the government liquor boards. They’re also the exclusive distributor for Aphria, which is one of the largest licensed producers in Canada.

CFN:  What does the addition of former NBA player Baron Davis to your advisory board mean for your marketing and distribution strategies?

JM:  Baron was one of the early investors in Vitaminwater®, and more importantly he took an active role in helping drive its brand awareness.  He’s been in a Pepsi ad campaign as well.  It’s not a spokesperson deal (although he’s speaking about us on Fox Sports radio today at 6pm Pacific), it’s him actually joining the company as an advisor to help drive product development, bring in co-packing brands, and help with marketing.

CFN:  Your products seem to be socially-conscious, in addition to tasting good.  How so?

RG:  The ethos of our company is to care about people’s health and, as a former medical collective, to continue to support the longstanding cannabis community in California.  Our products are vegan, gluten-free, Kosher and have a fraction of the sugar of their alcoholic-counterparts as well as many classic cannabis drinks.

Also, given our products are fast-acting, consumers are able to have more control over their dosing levels, because they can adjust their drinking pace and quantity in near real-time.  This differs from classic edibles where consumers don’t feel the effect for about an hour, thereby often not knowing when to stop eating or drinking until it’s too late.

We’re also proud to source all our cannabis from smaller growers in the Emerald Triangle.  It’s not only seen as the best, but we’ve had to endure the challenges in transforming from a small medical collective in 2016 to the various new legal licensing regulations that have been implemented since then.  Therefore, we feel a certain kinship with other companies that have had to do the same during this period, and want to support wherever possible.

CFN:  What else should our readers know about Tinley?

JM:  At present, we have the distinction of being the only publicly-traded, pure-play cannabis beverage company in the US.  There’s a lot of great companies out there that have beverages in market, however most aren’t public, and we offer a way to access this fast-growing company not only in the public markets, but in a way that’s not involved in other cannabis categories, and is diversified with branded and infrastructure products and services.So anyone who believes the cannabis beverage category will grow gets an efficient, diversified, pure play vehicle – managed by ex-President and C-level beverage execs – that trades publicly.  At a moment when we’re at an inflection point.  Our products just launched this Spring, and are really catching on well with consumers.  It can take more than 90 days to get paid, and we only recognize revenue when we’re paid (as opposed to when we sell or ship the product).  So a lot of the inventory showing on our books has in fact been sold, both by us as well as in many cases by the store to the consumer.  It therefore takes a bit of reading between the lines between our inventory size, including raw goods destined for production after the quarter for replenishment, to see how rapidly our products are being adopted, especially for a new product in a new category.  These numbers will become easier as we grow and are able to shorten our selling terms.

CFN: Why now?

We’re at an infection point in customer adoption, co-packing deals, territorial expansion, and channel expansion to mass retail.  We’ve therefore begun to prove ourselves in these areas, and more and more of these developments will be announced as we sign them in the weeks and quarters to come.

The post Is 2020 going to be the year of the infused beverage category? appeared first on CannabisFN.

Original Post: CFN Media Group: Is 2020 Going to be the Year of the Infused Beverage Category?

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