What You Didn’t Know About Cannabis’ Entourage Effect

What You Didn’t Know About Cannabis’ Entourage Effect

[Editor’s Note: The “entourage effect” is a relatively new term that’s been bandied about for the last few years. We don’t know a lot about it yet. Research is ramping up on it though. If THC was the only thing that was psychoactive, there wouldn’t be any entourage effect. All cannabis would be the same.]

A fairly new term has emerged in the world of medical marijuana. The phrase “entourage effect” might sound familiar, but what does it refer to?

The phenomenon is a joint effect of all the compounds within the cannabis plant. To understand the nature of this phenomenon, we have to see what the plant is made of.

With this, let us closely examine the inner workings of this “entourage effect”. We hope this article will help our readers understand what it is, and why it’s called that.

A Coat of Terpenes and Cannabinoids

For starters, let us look at the “skin” of marijuana buds and leaves. This coat is comprised of tiny crystals called trichomes. A closer look reveals a plethora of both cannabinoids and terpenes.

The two active compounds create a sort of synergy. This combined effect increases their respective therapeutic qualities. At the same time, it reduces the odds of any side effects of both compounds. This is exactly what scientists refer to as “the entourage effect”.

The molecular level of the cannabis plant gives a clear picture of this synergy.

The Entourage Effect

Essentially, the term describes the combined effort between terpenes and cannabinoids. Both compounds are found in the outer layer of the plant.

This effect allows the medical benefits of cannabis to stand out. At the same time, it diminishes the psychoactive side effects. In fact, the two compounds work best together.

As the name suggests, the two substances form an entourage; they assist each other. Let us now closely examine the power of their combined effort.

How CBD and THC Work Together

Let us imagine the marijuana plant as a coin for a moment. THC will be heads, and CBD will be tails.

On the one hand, THC is the psychoactive side of the coin. It is the compound that makes us feel ‘high’, while also being able to treat certain medical conditions. But, there is a catch. Depending on the dose, THC can either reduce or create anxiety. The latter effect is what causes bad experiences in some recreational users.

The other side of the coin, CBD, doesn’t work like that. Instead of having an intoxicating effect, CBD actually mitigates the “stoner effect” of THC. Moreover, it can also increase the pain relief that THC induces.

Terpenes Go Beyond Flavor

Terpenes are indeed responsible for the smell and flavor of the plant. Yet, they have gained traction for entirely different reasons. In fact, they are responsible for inducing the entourage effect in marijuana.

These highly reactive aromatic molecules determine the smell of each strain. Even though about 200 of them are known to science, only a select few actually affect the aroma of the plant.

In fact, some of the names are indicative of their fragrance. Some examples include limonene (lemon), eucalyptol (eucalyptus), and pinene (pine).

These substances are indeed therapeutical. Some of their effects include:

  • Reduced nausea
  • Stress and pain relief
  • Controlled appetite
  • Reduced tumor development
  • Modulation of blood sugar
  • Increased cognition

Terpenes As Members of the Entourage what-you-didnt-know-about-cannabis-entourage-effect-img-1

According to science, terpenes are responsible for the effectiveness of full-spectrum CBD extracts.

Beta-caryophyllene can protect our gastrointestinal system. Yet, it has enormous potential for treating autoimmune diseases and inflammation. That is because it is highly likely to bind to CB2, which is the peripheral cannabinoid receptor. Leafy and green vegetables also contain terpenes. Thus, it’s no wonder we find them a healthy addition to any diet.

Speaking of the combined effect of terpenes with cannabinoids, there are a lot of benefits to it. The combination is antimicrobial and fatal to cancer cells. On top of that, it treats a range of psychological conditions, such as anxiety and depression. And let’s not forget that the duo act as an effective painkiller. Finally, terpenes will effectively reduce the anxiety caused by THC.

The Science and Benefits Of the Entourage Effect

The whole plant is much more effective than its substances alone. Scientific data from 1981 supports this claim. The whole plant is three times more effective compared to isolated THC.

What’s more, 11 out of 15 participants in a 1976 study claim that isolated THC caused them to feel a much stronger high. In 2012, a study was published on Sativex, an oral spray that contained an equal amount of THC and CBD. Sativex contained a highly intoxicating concentration of THC. Despite that, only 1.75% of the participants experienced toxic psychosis.

Moreover, medical marijuana patients have expressed their preference for real weed. We can see that the entourage effect has both experimental and empirical support.

Simply put, CBD inhibits the psychoactive side effects of THC. Thus, it decreases the odds of paranoia and anxiety. Essentially, one does not need a high dose of CBD to experience its therapeutic effects. That means greater odds of substituting THC-based medications for all natural alternatives.what-you-didnt-know-about-cannabis-entourage-effect-img-2

Final Thoughts

The entourage effect still requires further research. Yet, it is obvious that it is worth exploring.

We may not be an approved authority for making such claims. Still, we do hope that further studies will prove the speculations of the cannabis community.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to reflect the views of the publication.

Original Post: Marijuana Times: What You Didn’t Know About Cannabis’ Entourage Effect

Feminized and Autoflowering – What Kind of Seeds Are Best for You?

Feminized and Autoflowering – What Kind of Seeds Are Best for You?

[Editor’s Note: There was a time when an ounce of cannabis might have half its weight in seeds. The whole seed thing has become very complex. There are feminized seeds. Autoflowering seeds. All kinds of seeds. Find out what works best for you.]

When it comes to growing cannabis, choosing the right strain is not the only thing you should think of if you want to have a fruitful harvest. Selecting the right kinds of seeds can make all the difference as well. But choosing the right kind of marijuana seeds can be a bit of a challenge, especially if you are new to cannabis growing. Not knowing the type of seeds you are about to deal with can present you with all kinds of problems and make your experience a stressful one.

In this article, we are going to explain more about feminized and autoflowering seeds and which ones are the best to use if you plan on growing your own batch of cannabis.

Knowing the Difference

First, we should familiarize ourselves with the main difference between these two seed types. Just like the name implies, feminized seeds produce all female plants. An all-female crop does away with one of the biggest problems that many growers face, which is having to deal with male plants. No male plants mean your cannabis will not be pollinated and therefore will not produce any seeds during the flowering stage.

Autoflowering seeds have a fixed growth cycle and do not rely on the photoperiod. The flowering times of auto seeds are usually fast and only take an average of 8 to 9 weeks. This is a huge advantage for growers who want to see their plants produce yields as quickly as possible. By the same token, it is also a big advantage for growers who want to be discreet and quick about what they are doing.

Pros and Cons of Autoflowering and Feminized Seeds

Just like with most things in life, both feminized and autoflowering seeds have their fair share of pros and cons. When selecting which type of seed to use, you should take into consideration the good and bad qualities that come with your decision.

For starters, are you the type of grower who wants to harvest plenty of crops in just one growing season? Autoflowers usually take around 60 to 70 days to start producing buds, which means you can grow up to three crops – even if you do it outdoors. Regardless of the light cycle that they get, these seeds will automatically flower. However, autoflower cannabis should not be pruned because they will not have the time needed to fully recover.

Growing autoflowering weed indoors also allows you to control the size of your plant, depending on the size of the pot you use. Larger pots will often produce bigger plants, so this is definitely something that is worth keeping in mind. Autoflower plants also tend to contain lower THC levels, so this could be a bit of a turn-off for growers who prefer their weed to have an extra kick to it. This lower amount of THC in autos can be attributed to their ruderalis genes.

Feminized seeds, on the other hand, grow into plants that rely greatly on photoperiods. This can be used to the grower’s benefit as they can manage and manipulate the lights and prolong the vegetative state for as long as they want. And unlike their autoflowering counterparts, feminized seeds can be pruned without risking damage to your entire crop.

From a purely logistical standpoint, feminized seeds also make the most sense because you won’t have to worry about germinating extra seeds. With female seeds, you can germinate only as much as you need.

What Seeds Should You Go With?

The answer to this question all comes down to personal preference. If you want to grow marijuana that is guaranteed to give you large amounts of buds if done right, then going with feminized seeds would be a great option. Having a plant that doesn’t contain any males will save you plenty of time and stress.

Male seeds will not only take up precious space in your garden, but they can also potentially ruin your entire crop. The crop will end up being a failure if your female plants become littered with male seeds. Remember that the whole cannabis industry is largely predicated on growing sizeable female plants, so growing female seeds will not only provide you with big buds, but it can also give you some profits as well (assuming you live in a state or country that has legalized cannabis).

Remember to only purchase from the best seed bank for feminized seeds so you don’t end up with seeds that are of subpar quality.

Now if you’re interested in growing cannabis plants that can flower quickly, then autoflowering seeds would be your best bet. Just keep in mind that even though they have fast flowering times, their buds will contain more leaf materials. The flavor of autoflowering cannabis is also less intense, which may discourage some growers who want the flavors to be more pronounced.

And before buying any seeds – regardless if they’re feminized or autoflowering – always make sure that you are not violating any of your local laws because there are still areas that consider cannabis to be an illegal substance.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to reflect the views of the publication.

Original Post: Marijuana Times: Feminized and Autoflowering – What Kind of Seeds Are Best for You?

Why CBD is Beneficial for Those Who Use High-THC Recreational Strains

Why CBD is Beneficial for Those Who Use High-THC Recreational Strains

[Editor’s Note: While this isn’t a scientific article, it does give you a great overview why THC and CBD go hand-in-hand not just for the effect, but also the therapy.]

Recreational cannabis legalization is starting to spread across America and beyond, with Canada becoming the first G7 nation to make marijuana legally available in 2018. However, many people still hold concerns about cannabis and its psychoactive effects, arguing that it can make mental illness more likely, affect motivation, memory and more. But how much of this do we have evidence for, and how much of it is simply scaremongering from anti-cannabis forces who refuse to move with the times?

In this article, we are going to frankly discuss the types of cannabis available today, and any benefits and potential risks that they pose. We’ll also explore why regular users may benefit from taking cannabidiol (CBD) supplements. CBD is a therapeutic and non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in marijuana, and CBD products have come from nowhere in the past few years and are now big sellers in the cannabis and hemp-based industries.

The different types of cannabis

There are two main types of cannabis: indica and sativa. The former provides mostly a ‘couchlock’, body high, while sativa strains are much more cerebral. Cannabis can also be split into three further types depending on the cannabinoid profile: high-CBD, high-THC and one-to-one strains.

High-CBD

High-CBD strains are almost completely non-psychoactive and are generally used to make CBD oil extracts for medicinal purposes. However, the flower itself can be smoked or vaporized for relaxing and uplifting effects. CBD-rich strains are effective for managing anxiety, inflammation, pain and more, and are noted for having very few side effects. Hemp is also rich in CBD, and is used by Veedverks and other brands.

One-to-one

One-to-one strains have an even ratio of CBD to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the key psychoactive component in cannabis. These are arguably the perfect strains to maximize the therapeutic potential of the plant, as they have a balance of the two most important compounds, which helps to enhance the synergistic ‘entourage effect’ that whole-plant cannabis is renowned for.

High-THC

High-THC cannabis is mostly consumed by recreational users, who are fully focused on enjoying a psychoactive experience. Strains have become richer in THC over the years to cater to this demand, and this cultivation technique has led to a decline in levels of CBD, exaggerating the already one-sided THC to CBD ratio. High-THC strains may also help to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), by essentially helping the patient to forget troublesome memories.

However, THC is still a potent psychoactive substance, and with high-THC strains a recent creation, we should strive to understand its full impact. And there is limited research that has shown a possible link between high-strength cannabis and mental illnesses such as psychosis and schizophrenia. Moreover, chronic THC use appears to adversely impact the hippocampus – this is the part of our brain where memory and motivation is regulated.

What does this mean?

The dangers of THC abuse don’t mean that people shouldn’t smoke high-THC strains – it’s just something that cannabis users should be aware of. For instance, you wouldn’t go out and drink copious amounts of alcoholic spirits every night, because of the risks. But it’s perfectly fine every now and then, and there’s nothing to get overly concerned about.

One-to-one strains are more in line with the old-school cannabis that was popular in the 1960s and 70s and provide a moderate, mellow high. With CBD having a balancing effect on the THC, these strains may be better for your overall health if you’re a daily cannabis user.

CBD may reverse the downsides of chronic THC consumption

But it’s certainly not all doom and gloom, and if you have been indulging in too much THC, a healthy dose of CBD can work wonders for the hippocampus, according to a recent study of long-term cannabis users.

In large amounts, THC can have a neurotoxic effect on this brain region, causing atrophy or shrinkage. While a lot of stoners remain productive on weed, it looks increasingly likely that those who do experience motivation loss and memory issues from long-term consumption may do so as a result of physical neurological changes. Furthermore, we know that the endocannabinoid system influences cognition.

However, the study demonstrated that daily 200mg doses of CBD for 10 weeks stimulates neurogenesis in the hippocampus, protecting cognitive function.

Enjoy cannabis, but be sensible

We certainly don’t need anymore ‘reefer madness’, but the best relationship anyone can have with cannabis is a sensible one. Incorporating Kanna CBD every now and then helps to keep the vital balance between CBD and THC.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to reflect the views of the publication.

Original Post: Marijuana Times: Why CBD is Beneficial for Those Who Use High-THC Recreational Strains

Hemp vs. Marijuana – The Main Difference You Need To Know

Hemp vs. Marijuana – The Main Difference You Need To Know

[Editor’s Note: Basic information on the differences between hemp & cannabis. We would disagree that CBD is not psychoactive. While much more mild, CBD does contain some psychoactive characteristics.]

For over a century, misinformation has been breeding about the cannabis plant and its cousin, the hemp plant.

In fact, the distinction has become so blurred that most people use the terms – cannabis, hemp, and marijuana – interchangeably. This has led to misunderstandings regarding the real usage of hemp and kept people away from accessing its true benefits. This post aims to unveil the differences between hemp and marijuana in the simplest possible manner.

The Anatomical Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana

At a quick glance, it’s impossible to tell the difference between hemp and marijuana since the two look similar in terms of appearance. But, appearance is just the tip of the iceberg.

Marijuana has dense buds, a “bushy” appearance, and broad leaves. Hemp, on the other hand, has skinny leaves. It grows skinnier and taller than marijuana. If you hold the two plants next to each other, you should clearly be able to see these subtle differences.

Now, let’s talk about what is arguable the most important distinction, which is based on their chemical composition.

Hemp vs Marijuana: The Composition

This is probably the most significant difference that people need to know.

Cannabis carries a range of compounds called cannabinoids – CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) being the two most dominant ones.

Both of these cannabinoids have benefits to offer to the human body. However, tetrahydrocannabinol is a psychoactive substance, which is what causes the ‘high’ and the sense of euphoria when using marijuana.

CBD, however, carries no psychoactive properties.

This is the BIGGEST difference between hemp and marijuana.

Hemp carries almost negligible levels of THC (<=0.3%, typically), whereas marijuana is rich in THC, with concentrations as high as 15 – 40%.

It’s due to this major distinction that industrial hemp farms cultivate it for a variety of different uses.

Hemp vs Marijuana: The Difference Of Usage

Since marijuana contains higher amounts of THC, it is often used for its psychoactive properties.

Hemp, however, has a number of industrial purposes. It is used for making hundreds of resources, such as biofuel, building materials, food products, clothing, oils, paper, etc. – just to name a few. CBD is growing exponentially in popularity all across the globe. Therefore, the cultivation of hemp is also increasing for the purpose of producing a variety of products that have little to no trace of THC.

The Legality Aspect

The presence of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) does not only dictate how hemp and marijuana are used across a wide spectrum, but it’s the key governing factor that dictates the legality of these plants.

The laws related to hemp/marijuana usage are different in each country and state. The protocol regarding cultivation and transportation of hemp – as well as its usage and sales – varies depending on the amount of THC in it.

In the USA, hemp containing less than or equal to 0.3% of THC is classified as legal. If we talk about the rest of the world, then most countries have kept the allowed THC content in the hemp plant as low as 0.2%.

Since hemp is naturally low in THC, most countries have deemed it legal.

The landscape surrounding marijuana has started to change as many countries – including the United States – are seeing the massive medicinal and economical implications this plant could have. As a result, some places have legalized marijuana. But, it’ still illegal in many counties, and in the United States, it is illegal on a federal level.

Final Thoughts

It should be abundantly clear that although hemp and marijuana come from the same family, they have a number of important differences. Whether you talk about the anatomy, chemical composition, usage, or even legality, there are some important distinctions that need to be made to not confuse the two.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for entertainment purposes only and is not intended to provide medical advice or reflect the views of the publication.

Original Post: Marijuana Times: Hemp vs. Marijuana – The Main Difference You Need To Know

What Is The Difference Between A Wax Vaporizer And An Oil Vaporizer?

What Is The Difference Between A Wax Vaporizer And An Oil Vaporizer?

Photo credit: http://vaping360.com

Ed. Note: Vaping, dabbing, or whatever you want to call it, is very popular. There are a lot of different ways to consume concentrates other than hash or kief. Know what the differences are and how to consume these products safely, having fun at the same time.

Vaporizing is quickly becoming a favorite hobby for many individuals. There are a number of beneficial herbs and concentrates that can be consumed through these vaporizers. Not only this, but using a vaporizer is much healthier and cleaner when compared to combustion methods. That being said, if you are new to the market you probably just learned that there are tons of different vaporizers available. You may have also learned that two of the most popular, of course, are the wax vaporizer and the oil vaporizer. So, how do these two vaporizers stand up against each other and what makes them different?

The Products They Consume

The first difference is probably a bit obvious, but it really is worth mentioning anyway. Wax vaporizers were specifically designed for consuming wax products. Oil vaporizers, on the other hand, were specifically designed for oils. You might be surprised to learn that there are even vaporizers that can handle both oil and wax products. However, these products might not be able to produce the quality vapes that you looking for. Models that were designed specifically for certain substances are always constructed and designed with higher quality.

The Coils And Cartridges

Another major difference between wax pen vaporizers and oil vaporizers is the apparatus that is actually used to vaporize the material. For instance, wax vaporizers usually utilize what is known as an atomizer coil system. This device gets hot and turns the concentrate into vapor, which will then be inhaled by the user. The only problem with these atomizer coils is that they either burn out or get gummed up, which means you are going to need to replace them eventually. Oil vaporizers offer something a little different. They offer a disposable oil cartridge that can be used one time and then thrown away. This eliminates the need for a coil.

However, it should also be noted that oil vaporizers do come available with atomizer coils. These coils will be much larger than the ones found in wax vaporizers and last longer. Unfortunately, they will also need to be replaced at some point in time.

The Vaping Temperatures

Achieving the right vaping temperature is without a doubt key to achieving a successful and enjoyable vaping session. The best temperature range for wax vaporizers is anywhere from 350 degrees to 400 degrees. The best range for oil-based products is anywhere from 315 degrees to 385 degrees. It is possible to vape at higher temperatures, but you always run the risk of scorching the product and getting that unpleasant burnt taste.

Maintenance

If you want your vaporizer to last and perform optimally you are going to have to maintain it and keep it in top running condition. You will find that vaping wax is extremely messy and sticky. During a vaping session, the pen can get sticky from the chamber to the mouthpiece. You will also want to frequently scrape away the excess wax that builds up on the atomizer. This will improve performance and increase the lifespan. Oil is generally much less messy.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to reflect the views of the publication.

Original Post: Marijuana Times: What Is The Difference Between A Wax Vaporizer And An Oil Vaporizer?

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