How To Select The Right Cannabis Strain

How To Select The Right Cannabis Strain

The right strain. I wonder what that means actually. Since cannabis has become legal, there are only 4 or 5 strains that are the ‘right’ strain for me. In no particular order, there’s Blue Dream, Princess Nikita, Red Headed Stranger, Golden Goat, and Acapulco Gold, which was supposed to be a landrace strain, but whatever it was, it’s wonderful.

Everyone is different and different strains work better for different people. So far, we know so little about the endocannabinoid system in our bodies that there’s just no way to find out what’s best…other than try for yourself that is,

Original Post: Green Flower: How To Select The Right Cannabis Strain

5 Undeniably Grape-Flavored Strains

5 Undeniably Grape-Flavored Strains

[Canniseur: For a wine crazy like me, this is terrific. I love wine and all its different flavors, all the places it comes from, all the different things it can be. Why should cannabis be any different? I can’t come up with a reason.]

Grape is one of the best cannabis flavors out there. It’s so distinct, and most of the time, those grape-flavored strains are pretty common in terpene profile, cannabinoid profile, and most of the time, those grape-flavored strains are pretty common in terpene profile, cannabinoid profile, and effects. When you put your nose to a jar of something grapey, you’re pretty safe in assuming it’ll be something delicious, potent, and relaxing.

Why Do Strains Smell Like Grapes?

Cannabis flowers can produce so many aromas and flavors, all of which come down to terpene profiles. Terpenes are the aromatic oils in the cannabis plants responsible for their smell and taste. Terps are also the stinky reason that herbivores skip over cannabis plants.

The combination of terpenes in cannabis plants influence many parts of the strain-specific experience, but for all intents and purposes, let’s just focus on flavor.

Here are 5 cannabis strains that smell and taste like grapes.

Granddaddy Purple

Granddaddy Purple is the OG of all OGs when it comes to grape strains. It’s the sole reason we all obsess over purple buds and expect them to be powerfully sedating.

GDP is a cross of Big Bud and Purple Urkle. It has bulbous purple buds, thick crystally trichomes, and a sweet grapey and gassy flavor that will blow your taste buds away. Though a hybrid of other purple strains, this early-2000s creation by Ken Estes is still the original purple strain that paved the way for today’s Zkittlez and Forbidden Fruit obsessions.

Mendocino Purps

Mendocino Purps hails from the lands of Mendocino, a county in California that’s given us so much great cannabis over the years. What is Mendo Purps? Who knows, honestly.

The original Mendo Purps is a clone-only strain, but around 2004 BC Bud Depot created a seed version called The Purps. It also goes by Mendocino Purple, Mendo Purple, and pretty much any variation of that. Mendo Purps has a complex grapey, earthy, and hashy flavor, and the effects will lock you to your seat for hours. Need a sleepy strain? This one. Like to dab? This one.

Grape Ape

Grape Ape is my singular favorite grape cannabis strain, not to be confused with my favorite purple cannabis strain, Forbidden Fruit.

It crosses Mendo Purps with a Skunk and an Afghani strain. First of all, that combo is just stupid. Purple AND Skunk?! When it comes to smell and look, you already know that’s going to be a beautiful flower with a strong aroma. But then you toss in Afghani too, and you know those effects are going to PUNCH. And that’s what you get from Grape Ape, a punch that hits your body like the Kool-Aid man hits a living room wall.

Grape Ape is heavily relaxing. From personal experience, I wouldn’t necessarily call it a sleepy strain. It doesn’t make you feel so overpowered with THC that some shuteye is your only solution. Instead, Grape Ape makes you feel so damn chill that your body will feel like a lazy pile of potatoes.

Purple Punch

Purple Punch is a new school purple strain by way of Granddaddy Purple and Larry OG. Purple Punch is a sweet lil’ thang. Think of a grape hard candy that melts up then drips down like grape syrup. Okay, now you know how you’re currently imagining that syrup would taste? That’s Purple Punch, the Juicy Drop Pop of cannabis strains.

Purple Punch flower is absolutely coated with white trichomes stacked on light green and dark purple buds. It is a GREAT strain for making concentrates. The effects are usually powerfully relaxing, make sure to clear your schedule before consuming this THC powerhouse.

Grape Bubba

You probably came into this list thinking “Where’s Bubba Kush?” It’s here, just in a newer form that I’ve recently come across in Washington. Grape Bubba is a cross of Purple Urkle and Bubba Kush. In a way, it’s sort of like a new-age attempt at Granddaddy Purple.

Grape Bubba is earthy, it’s sweet, it’s grapey, and boy oh boy is it sticky. It’s one of the more refreshing strains I’ve come across in a minute, and that high? *Chef’s kiss*

Grape Bubba’s high is just like Bubba Kush. In that I mean, Bubba Kush, by sheer name, terpene profile, and overall reputation, is expected to be this super-duper sleepy purple strain that you can only smoke while in bed because that’s how hard it’ll hit you. But in actuality, Bubba Kush tends to be a pretty even-keel manageable high. Sure, it definitely leans more toward the relaxing side of the effects spectrum, but it isn’t necessarily a day-ender.

Original Post: Green Flower: 5 Undeniably Grape-Flavored Strains

Cannabis Strains That Are Unexpectedly Similar

Cannabis Strains That Are Unexpectedly Similar

[Canniseur: There are so many strains these days that it’s getting silly. Sometimes it seems that sativa morphs into indica with the same strain name or … … well, do you really know what you’re getting? The proliferation of cannabis strains has spun out of control and needs to stop or at least catch its collective breath. Here’s a story that shows how dissimilar strains can have terpene profiles that are almost identical but have very different effects.]

Cannabis strains are made up of cannabinoids (like THC and CBD) as well as terpenes, which are aromatic compounds that give each flower its unique aroma. We’re constantly learning more about these terpenes and how they impact the overall experience of consuming cannabis.

What Are Cannabis Terpenes and What Do They Do?

When choosing a strain, we often think of sativas and indicas as being polar opposites in effect, but if you look closely at their chemical composition—again, cannabinoids and terpenes—you’ll notice that many indica- and sativa-dominant strains are unexpectedly similar, chemically speaking. Let’s get into some of these unanticipated similar pairs.

 

Original Post: Leafly: Cannabis Strains That Are Unexpectedly Similar

Are You Smoking the ‘Real’ Sour Diesel?

Are You Smoking the ‘Real’ Sour Diesel?

[Canniseur: Not all strains are created equal. Not all strains with the same name are actually what they’re purported to be. Here’s one example of a strain that’s become a commonly mislabeled product.]

Let’s talk about Sour Diesel, the legendary strain that every cannabis enthusiast worldwide has tried at least once.

Sour D is commonly described as a sativa-dominant hybrid strain whose origins date back as far as the 1990s. An old school strain, the original breeder of Sour Diesel is unknown (though much of the cannabis community credits AJ— short for “Asshole Joe”—for its creation). Its genetics are also unknown, but it’s widely believed that Sour Diesel is influenced by Chemdog 91 and Super Skunk.

Most consumers associate Sour Diesel with gas aromas and an uplifting, energetic high. But have you ever noticed inconsistencies in its aroma, flavor, and effects? Like a bored Bill Murray, Sour Diesel’s qualities can be all over the place. Why?

Because not all growers are growing the same Sour Diesel. Aggregated lab data shows that strains labeled “Sour Diesel” aren’t always the same, chemically speaking.

This could be due to:

  • Blatant dishonesty. There are no legal regulations around naming and labeling strains.
  • Lack of awareness. The growers think they have Sour Diesel, but have another strain with a different profile that they are calling “Sour Diesel.”

With its murky origins and genetics, there’s no easy way to authenticate which version is the “real” Sour Diesel. All we know for sure is that are multiple “Sour Diesel” chemotypes found in lab data sourced on the West Coast.

Using aggregated data, Leafly’s lab partners observed three distinct chemotypes associated with the label “Sour Diesel.” Interestingly, almost all tested samples fell into one of these three illustrated terpene buckets. Click to enlarge. (Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

A chemotype refers to the chemical expression of a cannabis plant. Included in a plant’s chemotype are cannabinoids like THCA, THC, CBDA, and CBD. The other part of a plant’s chemotype is the terpene profile, which refers to the aromatic compounds that produce a plant’s fragrance and flavors and potentially influence its effects. With multiple Sour Diesel chemotypes and their varying terpene profiles, you may find that not every “Sour Diesel” affects you the same way.

We will refer to these different chemotypes as “Sour Diesel A,” “Sour Diesel B,” and “Sour Diesel C.”

Sour Diesel A: Limonene-Dominant

Click to enlarge. (Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

The first chemical expression consistently found in lab data—what we’ll call “Sour Diesel A”—is limonene-dominant, followed closely by an abundance of caryophyllene and myrcene. Though these are the three most prominent terpenes, this chemotype is also influenced by linalool and pinene.

It’s important to remember the effects of cannabis are a combination of these terpenes acting as one, not just a car full of terpenes with limonene in the driver seat.

Sour Diesel B: Terpinolene-Dominant

Click to enlarge. (Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

“Sour Diesel B” is terpinolene-dominant, with secondary and tertiary terpenes of myrcene and pinene. Like Sour Diesel A, Sour Diesel B is a cornucopia of different terpenes including caryophyllene, humulene, linalool, and ocimene. With a terpene profile that looks nothing like Sour Diesel A’s, you might expect to find a different set of effects and aromas entirely.

Sour Diesel C: Myrcene-Dominant

Click to enlarge. (Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

“Sour Diesel C” has a terpene profile that’s highly focused on myrcene production, followed by a touch of pinene. In smaller amounts, you’ll find caryophyllene, humulene, linalool, and the rare ocimene.

The biggest takeaway from this debacle is that strain names are not as real as the chemical data behind them. Seeing “Sour Diesel” written on a label isn’t a surefire indicator of the effects or flavors to come, beyond the influence of the placebo effect. But knowing which arrangement of cannabinoids and terpenes meet your needs can help you find the chemotype that hits the sweet spot.

This all highlights a larger issue in cannabis, which is genetic authentication. With so many new named hybrids sprouting every day, chemical data plays an increasingly important role in figuring out what any given strain has in store for you. While some strains exhibit more chemical consistency than others, Sour Diesel is a prime example of how lab-verified data can help identify problematic inconsistencies attached to popular strain names.

Original Post: Leafly: Are You Smoking the ‘Real’ Sour Diesel?

Which Terpenes Are Found in ‘Lemon’ Strains?

Which Terpenes Are Found in ‘Lemon’ Strains?

[Editor’s Note: Terpene data is growing and has significance in how we relate to cannabis. The more we find out about terpenes, the more we need to discover. In this case these are terpenes that make cannabis strains smell lemony.]

In this series, Leafly explores what makes each family of strains unique based on their terpene profiles. A strain “family” refers to a line of hybrids branching from one genetic matriarch that expresses unique and desirable characteristics that breeders seek to build upon. This introductory primer will help you learn a little more about cannabis breeding and strain variability.


What came first: lemon or limonene? Lemon-named cannabis strains tend to have a citrus aroma and flavor, so it’s natural to assume that most, or even all strains in the “Lemon” family contain high levels of the terpene limonene, a compound commonly associated with citrus aromas and stress relief.

It’s the taste of citrus reminds you of bright summer days. It’s the color yellow that you associate with #feelgood vibes. If you’re looking for an uplifting, limonene-fueled high, it makes sense to assume that Lemon strains will provide you with this coveted and cheery terpene.

But are all lemon-scented strains high in limonene? To find out, we looked at verified lab data from trusted Confidence Analytics. Turns out, not all Lemon strains reflect a limonene-dominant terpene profile.

Click to enlarge image. (Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

In the figure above, you’ll find the terpene profiles of four Lemon strains compared: Lemon GLemon Meringue (two different chemical expressions, or “phenotypes,” of the strain), and Super Lemon Haze. The points extend toward the terpenes that are most abundant in each strain. A closer look at these terpene profiles will show that none of these strains are, on average, limonene-dominant.

Although these are just four examples, it demonstrates that Lemon strains can express notably different terpene profiles—and therefore, potentially different experiences. So if the experience of these strains aren’t all driven by limonene dominance, which other terpenes influence them? Let’s find out.

Lemon G

Lemon G is a G13 hybrid that is said to deliver upbeat, euphoric, and giggly effects. Though its average terpene profile appears limonene-dominant, it actually has a tad bit more caryophyllene in it. Caryophyllene is known for having potential stress-relieving effects, and combined with limonene, it’s easy to see why so many consumers look to Lemon G for improved moods.

Lemon Meringue #1

Lemon Meringue #1 is the first phenotype of Lemon Meringue, a sweet, zestful cross of Lemon Skunk and Cookies and Cream. On average, this phenotype is myrcene-dominant with terpenes caryophyllene and limonene trailing behind. So if you try Lemon Meringue #1 expecting an uplifting, limonene-driven experience, know that you could potentially experience heavier, more sedative effects.

After all, Lemon Meringue #1’s terpene profile looks a whole lot like those of the potent powerhouse “Cookies” strains, which are known to be knock-outs.

Lemon Meringue #2

The second phenotype of Lemon Meringue is, on average, terpinolene-dominant with very little hints of limonene at all. While Lemon Meringue #1 expresses terpenes similar to “Cookies” hybrids, this phenotype looks more like Dutch Treat and Snowcap—strains famous for their bright and uplifting euphoria.

This provides a perfect illustration of why names alone aren’t enough to prove what compounds compose a strain. Without verified lab testing to show which terpenes guide the Lemon Meringue experience waiting for you in your stash jar, you’ll have no clue which compounds are about to slow-dance with your endocannabinoid system.

Super Lemon Haze

Super Lemon Haze is one of my favorite strains to wake-and-bake with, thanks to its pleasantly uplifting effects. But surprisingly, this strain doesn’t produce limonene in abundance. Like Lemon Meringue #2, Super Lemon Haze is terpinolene-dominant with caryophyllene and myrcene following in tow.

So all in all, what does this tell us in reference to Lemon-named strains, their terpenes, and the experience we should expect from them? It tells us that unless a producer provides testing data, you’ll have to rely on guesswork and expectations to determine what sort of experience a strain will provide.

What’s really in a cannabis strain? The conversation around this question is getting louder and louder, and it’d benefit each and every cannabis consumer to open their ears, mind, and lungs to it. Your body, your favorite terpenes, your desired experience… It’s all tied together, and it matters.

Original Post: Leafly: Which Terpenes Are Found in ‘Lemon’ Strains?

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