Lindsey Graham Could Be Dethroned by Pro-Pot Contender Jaime Harrison

Lindsey Graham Could Be Dethroned by Pro-Pot Contender Jaime Harrison

Original Post: High Times: Lindsey Graham Could Be Dethroned by Pro-Pot Contender Jaime Harrison

[Cannabis: Lindsay Graham, the sycophant could get beaten by an upstart???  And a Democrat? Wouldn’t that be nice. Perhaps the race for some congressional seats will come down to cannabis, although we doubt it. It could come down to race and this might be an important factor in these contests if everyone who wants to vote gets to vote. There might be a lot of voter suppression too. Might be?]

Cannabis policies could be a deciding factor for the fate of the next US senator from South Carolina.

The Yale-educated former aide to Rep. James Clyburn, Jaime Harrison, is challenging Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham for a US Senate seat in South Carolina. Harrison is a vocal supporter of cannabis legalization, and recently highlighted the disproportionate way that cannabis laws are enforced upon black communities.

Harrison raised more than $13.9 million in funding from April through June, breaking fundraising records. After outraising Graham in the first and second quarters of funding, Harrison’s war chest of money gives him a slight edge in his bid for sear, despite running in the consistently conservative state of South Carolina.

Harrison, 44, served as chair for the South Carolina Democratic Party—and used his time in that role to push cannabis laws. His proven record in promoting fair cannabis laws could weigh in on voters’ minds this election despite the uphill road ahead.

“I think we should legalize, regulate, and tax marijuana like we do alcohol and tobacco,” Harrison told CNBC in an exclusive interview on July 14. “There is simply no medical reason to lock people up over this issue. In essence, this is about common sense. However, it’s also about criminal justice. We know that marijuana arrests, including those for simple possession, account for a large number of drug arrests.”

Harrison was quick to point out his reasoning behind his firm stance in favor of cannabis legalization, which centers around righting the wrongs of the “War on Drugs.”

“The racial disparities in marijuana enforcement—Black men and white men smoke marijuana the same rates, but black men are much more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession—is just unacceptable,” Harrison explained.

On Harrison’s last day serving as South Carolina Democratic Party chairman in 2017, the party approved a resolution endorsing a medical cannabis bill in the South Carolina legislature.

He is one of the latest Democratic challengers to gain momentum in a highly volatile election year, with seemingly everything at stake.

The Deep South—dominated by strong Republican values—recently drew attention when former Attorney General Jeff Sessions lost his old seat at the Alabama GOP primary runoff to former football coach Tommy Tuberville. Tuberville will now face off against Democrat Doug Jones. Sessions held that seat for 12 years, only to be disgraced in the latest Alabama GOP primary following a rocky relationship with the president under the Trump administration.

Recent events have given hope to Democrats who hope to upseat long-standing Republicans in the South. While Lindsey Graham has retained his seat as senior United States Senator from South Carolina since 2003, this could be the year it all changes.

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Lindsey Graham’s Mixed Record on Cannabis

Graham isn’t exactly cannabis’s biggest opponent; in fact, Graham warmed up to a handful of cannabis laws over the past four or so years. But the senator has repeatedly stated that he is not in favor of recreational cannabis or legalization at the federal level.

Like Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Rep. Matt Gaetz, and others—Graham became an unlikely Republican ally to the cannabis and hemp communities in 2016 when he cosponsored the CARERS Act which would protect medical cannabis states from federal interference and reclassify the plant. Additionally, in 2017 he cosponsored a bill to remove CBD from the Controlled Substances.

But Graham voted against other cannabis bills such as the SAFE Banking Amendment. In 2016, Graham told POLITICO that he rejects recreational cannabis. NORML gave Graham a “C” grade when it comes to his general stance on cannabis laws.

Graham is also of course a fervent ally of President Donald Trump. While Graham criticized the president during the early 2016 campaign trail, he did a 180-degree turn and became one of Trump’s most loyal defenders.

Despite Graham holding his seat as senior Senator in South Carolina since 2003, Harrison, armed with his progressive stance on cannabis, could be the one to oust him once and for all.

Lindsey Graham Could Be Dethroned by Pro-Pot Contender Jaime Harrison was posted on High Times.

Cannabis Components to be Used in Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

Cannabis Components to be Used in Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

Original Post: High Times: Cannabis Components to be Used in Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

[Canniseur: In a way, hard to believe that cannabis might come to the rescue (at least in a small part) during COVID-19. What’s completely sad about this is we’ve lost over 80 years of research that could have been done if not for Harry Anslinger. The U.S. over the past few centuries has seen plenty of Anslingers, McCarthys and Trumps, who do nothing but attend to their own agendas. Sad, but hopefully cannabis will prevail at some point. And along side of people like Anslinger, the anti-vaxxers will try to disrupt things. Idiots.]

A vaccine component using a cannabis-based protein could be ready as soon as the end of August.

Researchers specializing in infectious disease at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada are turning to cannabis as they build a new COVID-19 virus vaccine candidate. The research team says that a plant-based antigen may be easier to produce commercially on a broad scale than animal-based antigens.

Zyus Life Sciences, a medical cannabis company based out of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, will determine if cannabis-based compounds can play a role in the fight against the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Last year, the company received its license from Health Canada to develop cannabis-based medical products.

Zyus Life Sciences partnered with the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization-International Vaccine Centre (VIDO-InterVac) at the University of Saskatchewan in an effort to develop proteins for a vaccine candidate using the cannabis plant. It is one of many efforts in the race for a viable vaccine.

Given the cornucopia of drugs that are being examined in the quest for a COVID-19 “cure”—including everything from hydroxychloroquine to the drug remdesivir—inevitably researchers turned to cannabis as a potential building block for a viable vaccine candidate as well.

How It Works

“We had a protein platform that we’ve been working on for a number of years prior to being in the cannabis space…” Zyus CEO Brent Zettl told Global News. “I asked [our team] the question, ‘do you think that we could produce a vaccine of this type of protein using our other plant system?’ And they didn’t really see why not.”

Zettle went on to explain that his team is working with two types of different compounds. One is made using a cannabis plant and another one is made using a different plant. The compounds are used to produce a protein that can be used for a COVID-19 vaccine candidate.

“The genetic information that VIDO-InterVac has developed to find the actual antigen that would work as a vaccine—that’s actually a strand of protein. So then we take that DNA and we actually then design it in a plant and then the plant itself can manufacture that same protein,” Zettl added.

According to Zettl, plant-based compounds can potentially be more effective than animal-based compounds because of plants’ ability to clone proteins easier. Plants are surprisingly efficient at manufacturing proteins. Plant-based compounds are better for large-scale operation capacity. In addition, plant-based proteins could be more appealing to an increasingly vegan population in the U.S.

Dr. Paul Hodgson, a senior manager with VIDO-InterVac, told CBC News that no one really knows what a final vaccine candidate will be, this early in the early stages of investigation. But with every vaccine trial, we know more about the virus and how it may be thwarted.

Anti-Vaxxer Implications

As anti-vaxxers gain dominance on platforms like Facebook—the efficacy of vaccines for the novel coronavirus COVID-19 is likely to be disputed. A large number of anti-vaxxers already oppose any kind of COVID-19 vaccine, according to CTV News. But the teams at VIDO-InterVac and Zyus Life Sciences could be potentially on to something groundbreaking, which could produce yet another benefit from the cannabis plant. The CBD community, for instance, often overlaps with the anti-vaxxer community.

In the past, VIDO-InterVac previously produced two animal-based coronavirus vaccines, one for cattle and another for pigs. The company holds title as the first lab in Canada to have a vaccine candidate for animal testing, according to CBC News. VIDO-InterVac’s lab  received a 23 million-dollar grant in federal funding last March to aid its COVID-19-related research. Judging by the research lab’s long list of achievements in the past, VIDO-InterVac could be onto something once again.

A purified vaccine protein could be ready by the end of August, representatives of VIDO-InterVac said. That’s when enough of the protein discovered by VIDO-InterVac will likely be extracted. In the U.S., the race for a vaccine is in full throttle. Dr. Anthony Fauci, longtime director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, recently told a Senate panel that  U.S. research teams are likely to find a viable vaccine, but not in time for the school year.

Other companies are also looking into other avenues for potential drugs to treat the effects of COVID-19, such as a team of researchers at the University of Lethbridge. In that study, some cannabis extracts reduced viral receptor activity in artificial human tissue—significantly. Researchers in Israel are also exploring how cannabis compounds could help to repair tissues damaged by COVID-19. CBD’s known anti-inflammatory properties make it appealing to scientists.

Cannabis components could prove to be useful for both vaccine candidates and other types of drugs meant to alleviate symptoms. In the race for a vaccine for the virus that causes COVID-19, more possibilities are likely to emerge involving the cannabis plant.

Cannabis Components to be Used in Potential COVID-19 Vaccine was posted on High Times.

The Nomenclature of Nug: What Weed Is Called Around the World

The Nomenclature of Nug: What Weed Is Called Around the World

Original Post: Merry Jane: The Nomenclature of Nug: What Weed Is Called Around the World

[Editor’s Note: Fascinating article about the origins of many of the words used to describe our favorite plant. I thought I knew a lot about the words, but this article taught me a lot. Great information for a word nerd like me.]

While cannabis use has been common practice around the globe for thousands of years, the names and neologisms reserved for the plant have evolved alongside human culture. The meandering etymology of the plant’s root words traces back centuries, and today’s common terms and slang have the power to sway the public’s perception of all things weed.

Many of the words we use for cannabis carry historical baggage — and the usage of certain words in today’s legal landscape is often up for debate. “Cannabis” has been the scientific Modern Latin name for the genus of aromatic plants including cannabis sativa and cannabis indica since at least 1728. Tracing the word’s etymological origin, however, is a much more difficult task. The Greeks called it kannabis, or κάνναβης, but the earliest records were probably transcribed from a Scythian or Thracian word. And there is no shortage of theories of the earliest origins of the word. “Cannabis” was also the preferred term for the tincture cure-alls found in 19th century pharmacies.

The earliest attested usage of the words resembling “marijuana” dates back to an 1873 book by Hubert Howe Bancroft and an 1894 document. In 1905, Punch Magazine and the Pacific Drug Review began using words like “marihuana,” followed by a coast-to-coast anti-marihuana mania that unfolded over the next three decades in the form of Reefer Madness. The modern cannabis community is split on whether or not we should continue to use the “M” word, a term rooted in racist American prohibitionist tactics.

As many already know, Harry J. Anslinger promoted the Spanish-sounding word to further his agenda to outlaw the plant. Shortly before alcohol prohibition dissolved in 1933, Anslinger was appointed Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, and didn’t hesitate to blame Mexicans and people of color for smoking pot. Others blame William Randolph Hearst’s influence as a publisher to promote an anti-cannabis campaign, as well as anti-Mexican hysteria. Hearst’s biased news articles insisted that marijuana induced sexually deviant behavior, satanism, arson, and violence, and he profiled Mexicans as the culprits. Many now believe that Anslinger, Hearst, and Andrew Mellon colluded to sink the hemp industry, paper’s competitor.

Over time, the perception of pot has changed, as well as the words we use for it. “The Devil’s Lettuce” slowly became a funny, harmless drug for “stoners” and hippies, and then again evolved into a medicinal plant that everyone uses. Today, there are hundreds of colloquialisms and euphemisms we use for the plant, and most people are very familiar with the myriad of weed slang across American culture. Here are a few variations of cannabis terminology and how the words were formed and adapted over time.


The word “hashish” originated from the Arabic word حشيش مخدر (hasheesh). The first attested use of the word was found in a propaganda-filled pamphlet from Cairo, Egypt dating back to 1123 CE — used to blame a specific sect of people, the Nizari Muslims, for eating hashish. Sound familiar? The use of hash as an intoxicant probably began to emerge in the Middle East as early as A.D. 900, and then slowly began spreading worldwide. Within a few hundred years, hashish bans were in place in various parts of the world. Historians frequently disagree over whether or not the word “assassin” is derived from the word “hashish.” Marco Polo’s records described foreign people like the Order of Hashashins in Northern Persia consuming a powerful drug as part of a rite of passage, but parts of that story may have been injected into the narrative or invented later on. By the 19th century, use of the word “hashish” had spread to Western culture, as seen in texts like 1857’s The Hasheesh Eater.


People that are from Hawaii — including former President Barack Obama — know pot b its Hawaiian slang name, pakalolo. Through high school, Obama was a member of a pot-smoking collective called the Choom Gang. “Choom” is an islander word meaning “to smoke pot.” “Paka” means tobacco, and “lolo” means stupid, dumb, or crazy in Hawaiian, so you’re literally saying “wacky tobacky” when you say pakalolo. Pretty simple stuff. Given the fact that the state is trying to legalize cannabis, and that popular fruity cannabis cultivars flourish on the island, this is a word that you should add to your vocabulary.


Kief, kif or keef — originating from the Arabic word  كيف (kayf) — means either “intoxication” or “pleasure.” Historically, kief was consumed in many forms, ranging from smokable preparations to mahjoun, a lovely ancient Moroccan hash jam. For Americans today, kief is simply the high-THC dust that collects in the bottom section of your grinder, but the word itself is much older.



In South Africa, locals call weed“dagga,” which is the official Afrikaans term for cannabis. The name comes from the Khoikhoi root word “dacha,” which referred to nomadic people who once roamed the area. According to some sources, dagga has been used in the region since the 1670s. South Africa isn’t that far off from America in terms of heartless prohibition. The assholes running South Africa’s eradication program in the 1990s doused dagga fields with paraquat, a poison. The deplorable actions were covered in depth by publications like High Times.

“Ganja” and “Bhang”

The use of the word “ganja” comes from the Hindi word गांजा, which itself was inherited from an ancient Sanskrit word. In Northern India, processed pot is known as charas, or the local word for hashish. A highly common form of cannabis in India, however, is bhanga milk-based cannabis tea. Words like “bhanga” began appearing in Sanskrit around at least 1000 C.E, and, in ancient texts, Shiva was known as “Lord of Bhang.” Today, it’s common to find variations of “bhang,” such as the popular drink bhang lassi. Generally, Indian locals refer to cannabis as “bhang” in just about every form and preparation. Devout Sadhus still consume the beverage and recognize its sacred nature. For some reason, use of the word “ganja” caught on in Jamaica, and it became one of the island’s prefered terms for weed.

Original Article:

Original Post: Merry Jane: The Nomenclature of Nug: What Weed Is Called Around the World

5 Things You Can Do with Leftover Weed Seeds

5 Things You Can Do with Leftover Weed Seeds

Original Post: Merry Jane: 5 Things You Can Do with Leftover Weed Seeds

[Editor’s Note: I can’t remember the last time I saw a seed! If you find some, grab your seeds and see what you can do with them, as described here.]

As cannabis consumers, you may occasionally find seeds in your bud due to hermaphroditism, stressed plants, light pollution, inexperienced growers, or just the luck of the draw. Before you call the dispensary and ask to speak with the manager to complain, relax. Don’t panic, either.

Seeds in your weed means that the buds have been pollinated — either from another male plant or from the plant’s own hermaphroditic male clusters (those dreaded banana-looking growths). When you buy feminized, autoflowering store-bought seeds, they are hand-selected and almost always better than random seeds found in bud by accident. This is because there are higher chances that the seeds will yield female end products. Regardless, when and if you find seeds in your flower, there are several options for utilizing them in ways that doesn’t involve a trash can.

Leading cannabis horticulturist Ed Rosenthal, who has grown and experimented with cannabis his whole life, was able to lend a hand. When we asked Rosenthal what the best course of action is in the event that you come across seeded cannabis, he told MERRY JANE, “Be sure to pick out all of the immature seeds. You don’t want to smoke those. And set aside the healthy mature seeds for later, which may be worth growing.”

The larger, darker, viable seeds are distinguished in appearance from the smaller, whitish, immature seeds, which are a little harder to find inside the bud. Seeded cannabis is generally lower quality than top-shelf sinsemilla, but it’s best used in edibles, says Rosenthal. This is because all seeds will be removed in the process anyways.

Now that you have picked out your seeds and separated them from the cannabis, there are a lot of different things you can do with them. Here are five ways novices can use leftover seeds.

Grow a Pot Plant

Why not test out your cultivation skills with a hobby plant grown in your window sill? While you shouldn’t expect a high yield, or even expert-level cannabis, experimenting with plants is fun. Look at master cannabis bonsai growers like Budzai or Bonsai Empire for inspiration. The possibilities are endless, and the stakes are low.

Go Guerrilla 

Spread a little love on your next hike in a hidden wooded area — Johnny Appleseed-style. Then, simply walk away. Let nature run its course from there! Who knows? You may start noticing flourishing wild patches of cannabis wherever you dropped them. Or, if you’re inclined, plant the seeds somewhere public, like a park, and see what happens. Just don’t take credit for this, as it’s likely a felony!


Return the Weed

Try to return the seeded weed at the dispensary. In almost every case, the budtender will say “no.” That would be like trying to return fruit at the grocery store. But seeded cannabis is weighed down by the seeds, making it lesser quality, so inform them of the sub-par cannabis and move forward.

Save Them and Eat Them

Can you eat cannabis seeds like hemp seeds? According to Quora, yes. They can be unshelled, shelled, or roasted. Like hemp seeds, there are some benefits, though not the same benefits as, say, an edible infused with THC and CBD. Rich in Omega -3 and Omega -6 fatty acids, eating seeds can help protect your brain. It may also help prevent mental health issues, dementia, or Alzheimer’s. Seeds are also rich in vitamins A, E, D and B, plus they are chock full of minerals like sodium, potassium, iron, zinc, and sulfur.


Sell Them (check local laws first…)

As a consumer there aren’t many ways to distinguish one cannabis seed from another. Reputable seed sources are trusted for their consistent quality, but buying seeds off the street is pretty much a no man’s land. Perhaps someone you know could use seeds for one purpose or another. Be careful, however, because the murky definition of the legality of cannabis seeds depends on what state you live in.

Ambitious Bonus Tip: Start a Seed Bank

Grab a journal like Gold Leaf’s grow planners, or take a more modern approach with a growing app like GrowBuddy. Those notebooks can be used for seed data, too. Jot down your notes, and store seeds according to the strain that you found them in. Mystery seeds are great for future experimentation!


Original Post: Merry Jane: 5 Things You Can Do with Leftover Weed Seeds

What Is “Duff” Weed and What Should You Do with It?

What Is “Duff” Weed and What Should You Do with It?

Original Post: Merry Jane: What Is “Duff” Weed and What Should You Do with It?

[Editor’s Note: Duff weed, AKA AVB (Already Vaped Bud), still has THC value. Learn how you can put duff weed to good use in a variety of ways.]

Five ways to utilize duff — aka “Already Been Vaped” (ABV) weed — in all your pot pursuits.

The word “duff” can mean several things: To start with the obvious, it’s a fictional beer that Homer Simpson drinks on a daily basis as well as a real beer brand brewed in Germany that is inspired by The Simpsons beverage. Or, according to the Urban Dictionary, it could mean an “unattractive girl that a hot girl keeps around to make herself and her friends look better,” along with several other meanings.

But for weed vapers, the word means something entirely different. Duff is vaped cannabis. The word “duff” can be used interchangeably with “Already Been Vaped” (ABV) cannabis, or “Already Vaped Bud” (AVB), meaning spent cannabis that is lower in THC. It’s unclear which word came first, but “duff” began appearing in cannabis-related forums between 2000 and 2005. 

Contrary to popular belief, duff is definitely not something to be thrown out with the trash. Here’s why: the majority of THC in duff has already been decarboxylated, so you get a stronger effect from eating it than if you were to eat straight weed. For example, Volcano, the vaporizer brand, found that up to 48 percent of the THC remained in a sample after vaping.

The ABV subreddit now boasts over 18,500 subscribers with extensive tips, explanations, and frequently asked questions surrounding duff, ABV, or AVB. The AVB subreddit is home to over 5,300 subscribers and loaded with similar information. “Virgin weed” is non-vaped cannabis, but the THC can be consumed more than once. Some vapers swear that the edible high from duff is more pleasant than the often overwhelming high from traditionally decarbed cannabis in edibles. So how can you get into the duff game? Here are five ways to utilize the seemingly-cashed cannabis. 

duff weed2

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Make Duff Capsules

Since duff has mostly been decarboxylated, the THC is already somewhat activated and converted to THCA, leading many to attest that it hits harder than regular edibles. Eating non-decarbed weed will do almost nothing to a consumer. However, with ABV, this is no issue. You can even fill capsules with the duff and pop them like prescription medication, perhaps one of the easiest ways to titrate cannabis dosages. If embracing this consumption method, be sure to mix in a little coconut oil before you fill the capsules, or eat some other kind of fatty substance at least 30 minutes before ingesting. This will help you get the biggest bang for your buck.

Store It for Emergencies

Every cannabis connoisseur should have a survival kit to carry you through at least three weeks, on the off chance your plugs are MIA. In case you don’t want to stash your top-shelf bud, why not use your duff for a pot-friendly prepper kit? 

To start, put your duff in an airtight container for later use. Store it in the freezer if you need to save it for long periods of time, meaning 30 days or more. Since you never know when times are going to get tough — your local dispensary or store could get raided, or your connect could suddenly ghost you, or you could run out of crash — this preemptive planning may be a blessing at a later time. Duff may not be as good as fresh weed, but it sure beats having no weed.


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Swap It for Cannabis in Edibles

Stop making your life harder than it has to be. Cannabis is better suited for an ingredient in edibles if it’s been decarboxylated, so why not just skip that step and use duff instead? Once you have 4-28 grams of duff saved up, you have enough to make cannabutter, oil, or a tincture. Most forums insist that you should water cure duff to make the flavor more pleasant and manageable in edibles. You’ll find plenty of cannabutter, tinctures, and oil recipes online, as well. For those, you’re going to need to multiply the amount of cannabis times two, but it will still get the job done. 

Re-Vape It

Most cannabis snobs will refuse to re-vape bud, but the science indicates that there is plenty of THC still left in there. According to various forums, consumers report that you can get 2-6 solid hits off of vaping duff. Don’t kid yourself about your standing in the cannabis pecking order, and certainly don’t waste all of that precious THC. It also probably tastes better than whatever leftovers are stuck in your pipe bowls. 


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Roll It and Smoke It

OK, so this defeats the entire purpose of choosing vaping over smoking. However, according to, smoking duff is harsher than smoking fresh flower, but can produce a high with less of a giveaway aroma, as the terpenes have probably been depleted at this point. (This isn’t the case if you’re cooking with duff, as it will produce a pungent stench if it is not water-cured.) As a result, smoking duff would make senses for people on the clock or in a public setting. It produces more of a body high, as some of the THC is spent, but CBN is largely left behind. Given the rise in popularity of smoking hemp nowadays, smoking duff would make sense as an alternative to cigarettes.

Follow Ben on Twitter at @benbot11

Original Post: Merry Jane: What Is “Duff” Weed and What Should You Do with It?

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